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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative reconstructions[edit]



  1. narrow, tight
  2. to constrict, tighten, compress

Derived terms[edit]

  • *h₂énǵʰ-e-ti (thematic root present)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: ἄγχω (ánkhō, I compress, strangle)
    • Italic:
      • Latin: angō (I cause pain)
  • *h₂énǵʰ-u-s ~ *h₂n̥ǵʰ-éw-s
  • *h₂enǵʰ-us-t-
    • Germanic: *angustiz (narrowness, tightness, anxiety) (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic:
      • Latin: angustus (narrow, close) (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Old Armenian: անձաւ (anjaw)
    • Germanic: *angazaz (worry, grief, anxiety) (see there for further descendants)


  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill