Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/krey-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

Root[edit]

*krey-[2]

  1. to sift, separate, divide

Derived terms[edit]

The root was often reformed as *krey(n)- based on the original nasal-infix present.

  • *kreyn- (reformed root present)
    • Proto-Germanic: *hrīnaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *kr̥-né-y- ~ *kr̥-n-i- (nasal-infix present)
  • *kri-n-ye- (innovative ye-present)
  • *kri-né-h₁- ~ *kri-n-h₁- (nasal-infix present)
  • *kroyh₁-eye- (causative/iterative present)
    • Proto-Slavic: *krojìti (see there for further descendants)
  • *krey-deh₂
  • *krey-dʰrom (sieve, instrument)
  • *krey-trom
  • *kréy-mn̥
  • *kri-tós
  • *kroyn-is
    • Proto-Germanic: *hrainiz (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • >? Proto-Slavic: *kràjь (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*kreh₁(i̯)-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 366
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  3. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*kri-ni-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 224
  4. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “cernō, -ere”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 110: “PIt. *krin-e/o-, ppp. *kritos
  5. ^ Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1985), “*krida”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological Dictionary of Slavic Languages] (in Russian), volume 12: (*koulъkъ – *kroma / *kromъ), Moscow: Nauka, page 151
  6. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “crībrum”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 144: “PIt. *kreiþro-
  7. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*krē-tro-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 223
  8. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “certus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 111: “PIt. *krito- ‘distinguished’”

Further reading[edit]