Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/swer-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*swer-[1]

  1. to ache
  2. to fester
  3. wound; injury

Derived terms[edit]


  • *swer- (root present)
  • *swer-wos
  • *swer-tó- or *swer-dʰo-
    • Germanic: (unclear, requiring an additional original sense 'to cut') *swerdą (sword)
  • Unsorted formations:

Root[edit]

*swer-[2][3]

  1. to resound; ringing, whistling
  2. to speak loudly
  3. to swear

Derived terms[edit]


  • *swér- (root present)
  • *swor-ye- (o-grade ye-present)
  • *swor-eh₂
    • Germanic: *swarō (statement, oath, vow)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Balto-Slavic:
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
    • Italic:
      • Latin: (possibly) surdus (deaf)
      • Latin: (perhaps) susurrus (whisper, rustle)
      • Oscan: (possibly) [Term?] (sverruneí, speaker?, dative singular)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Philippa, M.; Debrabandere, F.; Quak, A.; Schoonheim, T.; Van der Sijs, N. (2003–2009), “zweren”, in Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press
  3. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill