Olomouc

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Czech Olomouc.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Olomouc

Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
  1. A city in the Czech Republic, capital of the Olomouc Region.
  2. A district in the Czech Republic, with the city of Olomouc as its capital.
    • 1971, Albert P. Blaustein; Gisbert H. Flanz, Constitutions of the Countries of the World[1], New York: Dobbs Ferry, ISBN 0-379-00467-4:
      Eastern part of the district Olomouc, delimited on the west side by municipalities Domasov nad Bystrici, Jivova, Dolany, Hlusovice, Olomouc, Krelov-Bruchotin, Kozusany-Tazaly, Blatec.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The name of the city appears in Chronica Boëmorum (finished 1125) by Cosmas of Prague, where it is named Olomuc, Olomuz and Olomucz, all the versions being probably pronounced /olomuːt͡s/. Its origin remains unclear. There is only an acceptable theory related to the second part of the name -mouc, which is from Old Czech -múc, which is probably from Proto-Slavic *-mǫt (noise, muddle) + possessive suffix *-jь, which assimilated together into -c. This suggests that there might have been a personal name *Olomút (or *Olomǫt), with Olomúc meaning "the property of Olomút", similarly to the names of villages Bolelouc (which used to mean "a property of Boleľút") or Chořelice (originally called Chořelúc, which used to mean "a property of Chořeľút"). However, there is no evidence of any real occurence of the name Olomút.[1][2]

There is no accepted theory related to the origin of the first part Olo-. Proto-Slavic *olъ (beer) does not seem to make much sense as its origin,[1] although there was an attempt to explain the supposed personal name as a name of an unknown divine creature, meaning "the one who lets the beer ferment".[2]

Some linguists also tried to relate the name of the city to the Germanic personal names Alamud or Aulomont.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈolomou̯t͡s/
  • Hyphenation: Olo‧mouc

Proper noun[edit]

Olomouc f

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs
Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs
  1. Olomouc (city in the Czech Republic)
    • 1881, Josef Kramář, “Proslov”, in Olomouc, královské hlavní město Moravy[2], Olomouc: Národní knihtiskárna Kramáře a Procházky:
      Náš nejmilostivější zeměpán, Jeho Veličenstvo císař František Josef I. nastoupil slavnou vládu svou pod krovem naší drahé Olomouce, jež hrdá na to jest.
      Our most merciful Lord, His Highness Emperor Franz Joseph I., started his famous rule in our precious Olomouc, which is proud of it.
    • 1924, “Z minulosti hlavního města Olomouce”, in Ladislav Zamykal, editor, Velký Olomouc[3]:
      Než zastihla rozkvétající město hrozná pohroma třicetileté války, byl Olomouc předním městem na Moravě a po Praze prvým v zemích české koruny.
      Before the city was struck by the terrible catastrophe of the Thirty Years' War, Olomouc used to be the most important city in Moravia and after Prague the first one in the Lands of the Bohemian Crown.
  2. district Olomouc, Olomouc District
    • 1981, Josef Bartoš; et al., Okres Olomouc[4], Ostrava: Profil, page 8:
      Plošná rozloha okresu Olomouc je v podstatě neměnná od r. 1960 […]
      The area of the district Olomouc has not change substantially changed since 1960 […]

Declension[edit]

feminine

masculine inanimate

Usage notes[edit]

(city): The gender of the word Olomouc is feminine in standard Czech, but in the past it used to be masculine inanimate, which is still kept in Moravian dialects.[3] The declension of the name itself differs in both genders only in the instrumental case (feminine: Olomoucí, masculine: Olomoucem), but it also influences the declension of neighbouring adjectives and determiners. For example the phrase "in nocturnal Olomouc" can be said in feminine v noční Olomouci and in masculine v nočním Olomouci. This applies for standard Czech declension, the declension in various Moravian dialects differs more (e. g. genitive Olomouca).

The name of the city is frequently used in the masculine gender for example in the book Velký Olomouc (1924).

(district): The proper name Olomouc is usually used as a name of the district only in collocation okres Olomouc ("district Olomouc").

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Lutterer, Ivan; Majtán, Milan; Šrámek, Rudolf (1982). "Olomouc". Zeměpisná jména Československa. Praha: Mladá fronta. Pages 221–222.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Hosák, Ladislav; Šrámek, Rudolf (1980). "Olomouc". Místní jména na Moravě a ve Slezsku, vol. II. Praha: Československá akademie věd. Pages 173–178.
  3. ^ Alena Polívková, Poznámka o rodu místních jmen typu Olomouc, Boleslav, Litomyšl, Naše řeč, volume 61 (1978)

Further reading[edit]

  • Olomouc in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
  • Olomouc in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Slovak[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Slovak Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sk

Olomouc m

  1. Olomouc

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Olomouc in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk