Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/buyeti

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH-. Cognate with Sanskrit भवति (bhávati), Latin fuī and Lithuanian bū́ti.

Verb[edit]

*buyeti

  1. to be
  2. to become

Inflection[edit]

Thematic present
Active voice
Present Imperfect Future Preterite
1st singular *buyū *buyennem ? ?
2nd singular *buyesi *buyītū ? ?
3rd singular *buyeti *buye(to) ? ?
1st plural *buyomu *buyemmets ? ?
2nd plural *buyete *buyetes, *buyeswīs ? ?
3rd plural *buyonti *buyentets ? ?
Pres. subjunctive Past subjunctive Imperative
1st singular ? ?
2nd singular ? ? *buyī
3rd singular ? ? *buyet
1st plural ? ? *buyomu
2nd plural ? ? *buyetīs
3rd plural ? ? *buyont
Passive voice
Present Imperfect Future Preterite
1st singular *buyūr ?
2nd singular *buyetar ?
3rd singular *buyetor *buyetey ? ?
1st plural *buyommor ?
2nd plural *buyedwe ?
3rd plural *buyontor *buyentits ? ?
Pres. subjunctive Past subjunctive Imperative
1st singular ?
2nd singular ? *buyetar
3rd singular ? *buyor
1st plural ? *buyommor
2nd plural ? *buyedwe
3rd plural ? *buyontor

Descendants[edit]

  • Brythonic: *bujɨd
  • Gaulish: biiete
  • Old Irish:
    • Irish:
    • Manx: bee
    • Scottish Gaelic: bi

Further reading[edit]

  • Matasović, Ranko (2009) , “*bu-yo-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 85