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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Indo-European *gʰel- (to roop, shout, charm away).




  1. to shout, yell
  2. to charm, sing


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • West Germanic: *galan
    • Old English: galan
      • Middle English: galen
    • Old Saxon: galan
    • Old Dutch: *galan
    • Old High German: galan, kalan
      • Middle High German: begalen
      • ? Old High German: galt ((of cows) not milch, infertile, past participle) (from the belief that sterile or un-milch cows are bewitched)
        • Middle High German: galt
          • Alemannic German: galt ((of cows) not milch)
            Swabian: gall ((of sheep) not pregnant)
          • Bavarian:
            Carinthian: galt ((of cows) infertile or pregnant (therefore not milch))
            Cimbrian: galt ((of cows) not milch; (of cows and human women) infertile)
            ? Tyrolean: galt (unfarmed land)
          • >? German: gelt ((of non-human animals) infertile)
          • Middle High German: galte (one-year-old calf)
            • Alemannic German: Galti (two-year-old cow that has not yet become pregnant)
  • Old Norse: gala