Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/meh₂ḱ-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

Root[edit]

*meh₂ḱ-

  1. to raise, increase
  2. long

Reconstruction notes[edit]

The LIV notes that the only satem language evidence for the palatal *ḱ comes from Avestan 𐬨𐬀𐬯-(mas-, great) and its derivatives. The LIV attributes this word to a dialectal variant of Avestan 𐬨𐬀𐬰-(maz-) from *méǵh₂s. This would also help explain the short root vowel found throughout the Avestan forms. If Avestan does not belong here, then *meh₂k- could very well be the correct form.[1]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*meh₂k-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN
  2. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “μῆκος‎”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 942
  3. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “macer”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 356-357
  4. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*magra-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 347
  5. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “μακρός”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 895
  6. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “mactus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 357
  7. ^ Ranko Matasović (2009), “*makʷo-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 253-254