Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/stéh₂yeti

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

*steh₂- (stand) +‎ *-yeti.

Verb[edit]

*stéh₂yeti (imperfective)[1][2][3][4]

  1. to be standing

Inflection[edit]

Imperfective, thematic
3rd singular *stéh₂yeti
3rd plural *stéh₂yonti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *stéh₂yoh₂ *stéh₂yom *stéh₂yōh₂ *stéh₂yoyh₁m̥
2nd singular *stéh₂yesi *stéh₂yes *stéh₂ye *stéh₂yēsi *stéh₂yoys
3rd singular *stéh₂yeti *stéh₂yet *stéh₂yetu *stéh₂yēti *stéh₂yoyt
1st dual *stéh₂yowos *stéh₂yowe *stéh₂yōwos *stéh₂yoywe
2nd dual *stéh₂yetes *stéh₂yetom *stéh₂yetom *stéh₂yētes *stéh₂yoytom
3rd dual *stéh₂yetes *stéh₂yetām *stéh₂yetām *stéh₂yētes *stéh₂yoytām
1st plural *stéh₂yomos *stéh₂yome *stéh₂yōmos *stéh₂yoyme
2nd plural *stéh₂yete *stéh₂yete *stéh₂yete *stéh₂yēte *stéh₂yoyte
3rd plural *stéh₂yonti *stéh₂yont *stéh₂yontu *stéh₂yōnti *stéh₂yoyh₁n̥t
Participle *stéh₂yonts
Middle voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *stéh₂yoh₂er *stéh₂yoh₂e *stéh₂yōh₂er *stéh₂yoyh₂e
2nd singular *stéh₂yeth₂er *stéh₂yeth₂e *stéh₂yeso *stéh₂yēth₂er *stéh₂yoyth₂e
3rd singular *stéh₂yetor *stéh₂yeto *? *stéh₂yētor *stéh₂yoyto, *stéh₂yoyh₁o
1st dual *stéh₂yowosdʰh₂ *stéh₂yowedʰh₂ *stéh₂yōwosdʰh₂ *stéh₂yoywedʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *? *?
1st plural *stéh₂yomosdʰh₂ *stéh₂yomedʰh₂ *stéh₂yōmosdʰh₂ *stéh₂yoymedʰh₂
2nd plural *stéh₂yedʰh₂we *stéh₂yedʰh₂we *stéh₂yedʰh₂we *stéh₂yēdʰh₂we *stéh₂yoydʰh₂we
3rd plural *stéh₂yoror, *stéh₂yontor *stéh₂yoro, *stéh₂yonto *? *stéh₂yōror, *stéh₂yōntor *stéh₂yoyro, *stéh₂yoyh₁n̥to
Participle *stéh₂yomnos

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 590-592
  2. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 373–74
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*stàti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 465
  4. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 430