Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/bostā

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷosdeh₂, from *gʷésdos (branch)[1]. Cognate with Proto-Germanic *kwastō (compare Old English cwist (branch), Old High German questa (tuft), Old Norse kvistr (twig)), Proto-Slavic *gvozdь (compare Czech hvozd (forest), Slovene gòzd (forest), Russian гвоздь (gvozdʹ, nail)), Proto-Albanian *gazda (compare Albanian gjeth (leaf)).

Noun[edit]

*bostā f

  1. palm, fist

Declension[edit]

Feminine ā-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *bostā *bostai *bostās
vocative *bostā *bostai *bostās
accusative *bostam *bostai *bostāms
genitive *bostās *bostous *bostom
dative *bostai *bostābom *bostābos
instrumental *? *bostābim *bostābis

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Brythonic: *bos
    • Middle Breton: boz
    • Old Welsh: bos
  • Old Irish: bas
    • Irish: bos
    • Scottish Gaelic: bas
  • Gaulish: *bostyā
    • Medieval Latin: bostia (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World (Oxford Linguistics), New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 161