Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/ōsaz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₃éh₁os (mouth) (apparently reformed as a thematic noun *h₃eh₁ésos). Cognate with Latin ōs (mouth), Lithuanian úostas (port, harbour, haven), Russian уста́ (ustá, mouth, lips), Sanskrit आस् (ā́s, mouth).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

*ōsaz m

  1. (anatomy) mouth
  2. (of a river) mouth, inlet

Inflection[edit]

Verner alternation was preserved in this noun, so that some forms had the stem *ōz-. But the distribution of the alternants is currently unknown.

masculine a-stemDeclension of *ōsaz (masculine a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *ōsaz *ōsōz, *ōsōs
vocative *ōs *ōsōz, *ōsōs
accusative *ōsą *ōsanz
genitive *ōsas, *ōsis *ōsǫ̂
dative *ōsai *ōsamaz
instrumental *ōsō *ōsamiz

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Old English: ōr; ōra
  • Old Norse: óss
    • Icelandic: ós
    • Faroese: ósi (changed to weak declension)
    • Norwegian: os
    • Old Swedish: ōs
      • Swedish: os
    • Danish: os