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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative forms[edit]


A diminutive of *karaz. Probably from Proto-Indo-European *ǵerh₂- (to become old, to grow) and related to Ancient Greek γέρων (gérōn), Sanskrit जरन्त (jaranta), Old Armenian ծեր (cer), Avestan 𐬀𐬰𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬴𐬀𐬥𐬙-(azarəṣ̌ant-), Tocharian A kwär-, Tocharian B kwär-, Hittite [script needed] (karu).[1] [2]



*karilaz m

  1. free man, franklin
  2. little man, young man


masculine a-stemDeclension of *karilaz (masculine a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *karilaz *karilōz, *karilōs
vocative *karil *karilōz, *karilōs
accusative *karilą *karilanz
genitive *karilas, *karilis *karilǫ̂
dative *karilai *karilamaz
instrumental *karilō *karilamiz

See also[edit]


Some descendants seem to indicate that the word lost its middle syllable (*karlaz), a common change across the Germanic languages.[2]


  1. ^ Philippa, Marlies; Debrabandere, Frans; Quak, Arend; Schoonheim, Tanneke; van der Sijs, Nicoline (2003–2009) Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press
  2. 2.0 2.1 de Vries, J. Nederlandsch Etymologisch Woordenboek. 1971.
  3. ^ Oudnederlands Woordenboek.
  4. ^ Wörterbuch der Ostfriesischen Sprache. ten Doornkaat Koolman, J. 1879. 199th page.
  5. 5.0 5.1 The Journal of English and Germanic Philology. Volume II. 237th page.
  6. ^ Antiqvarisk Tidskrift för Sverige. Tionde Delen. 1887-1891. 305th page.
  7. ^ Pfaff, Judith (2018). Nordic Names. Web.
  8. ^ Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Template:EWN