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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Reanalysed root of *kés-u-s ~ *ks-éw-s, from *kes- (to scrape, comb) +‎ *-us.


*ksew- (imperfective)[1][2][3]

  1. to scrape, shave, sharpen

Derived terms[edit]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Pokorny, Julius (1959), “ks-eu-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume II, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 586
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*kseu̯-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 372
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “saucius”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 540-541