Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/wéyh₁ō

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of disputed origin[1][2]; possibly from *weh₁y- (to twist; to wrap) +‎ *-ō[3][4][5], compare Ancient Greek ὑιήν (huiḗn, grapevine), from *wihy-ḗn[5], Latin vītis (vine), from *wéh₁itis, or perhaps borrowed from either Proto-Semitic *wayn-, or Proto-Kartvelian *ɣwino-.[2][6][7][8] Perhaps ultimately from unknown Mediterranean language.[9][10]

Noun[edit]

*wéyh₁ō m[11][12][8]

  1. wine
  2. vine

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, amphikinetic
singular
nominative *wéyh₁ō
genitive *wih₁nés
singular dual plural
nominative *wéyh₁ō *wéyh₁onh₁(e) *wéyh₁ones
vocative *wéyh₁on *wéyh₁onh₁(e) *wéyh₁ones
accusative *wéyh₁onm̥ *wéyh₁onh₁(e) *wéyh₁onm̥s
genitive *wih₁nés *? *wih₁nóHom
ablative *wih₁nés *? *wih₁n̥mós
dative *wih₁néy *? *wih₁n̥mós
locative *wih₁én, *wih₁éni *? *wih₁n̥sú
instrumental *wih₁néh₁ *? *wih₁n̥bʰí

Derived terms[edit]

  • *wéyh₁n-o-m[7]
  • *wóyh₁n-o-s[5][7][3]
  • *wih₁-on-[12][4][7]
    • Anatolian: [Term?]
      • Hittite: 𒃾𒅖 (GEŠTIN-iš /wiyanis/, wine)
      • Luwian:
        Cuneiform: [script needed] (winiya-)
  • *wih₁n-yó-s[7]
    • Anatolian: [Term?]
      • Hittite: [Term?] (/*winiyant-/, wine (deified))
      • Luwian:
        Anatolian Hieroglyphs: [Anatolian Hieroglyphs needed] (wiyan(i)-), [Anatolian Hieroglyphs needed] (win(i)-, of wine)
  • Kartvelian: *ɣwino- (perhaps[6]) (see there for further descendants)
  • Semitic: *wayn- (perhaps[6]) (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2011) Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction, revised and corrected by Michiel de Vaan, 2nd edition, Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company
  2. 2.0 2.1 Fortson, Benjamin W. (2010) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, second edition, Oxford: Blackwell, page 38
  3. 3.0 3.1 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “οἶνος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 1058-1059
  4. 4.0 4.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “vīnum”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 680
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World (Oxford Linguistics), New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, pages 166-167
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Nichols, J. (1997), “The epicentre of the Indo-European linguistic spread”, in Blench, R.; M. Spriggs, editor, Archaeology and Language I: Theoretical and Methodological Orientations[1], London: Routledge, page 126
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 Fenwick, Rhona S. H. (2017), “An Indo-European origin of Kartvelian names for two maloid fruits”, in Iran and the Caucasus[2], page 2
  8. 8.0 8.1 Klimov, G. A. (1994) Drevnejšije indojevropeizmy kartvelʹskix jazykov [The Oldest Indo-Europeanisms in Kartvelian Languages] (in Russian), Moscow: Nasledie, →ISBN, pages 79-82
  9. ^ Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  10. ^ Klein, Jared S.; Joseph, Brian D.; Fritz, Matthias, editor (2017–2018), “Chapter VIII: Italic”, in Handbook of Comparative and Historical Indo-European Linguistics: An International Handbook (Handbücher zur Sprach- und Kommunikationswissenschaft [Handbooks of Linguistics and Communication Science]; 41.2), Berlin; Boston: De Gruyter Mouton, →ISBN, § The lexicon of Italic, page 832
  11. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (1987a), “On Indo-European ‘wine’”, in Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft, pages 21-26
  12. 12.0 12.1 Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008), “u̯ii̯an-”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1012
  13. ^ Olsen, Birgit Anette (2017), “Armenian”, in Mate Kapović, editor, The Indo-European Languages (Routledge Language Family Series), 2nd edition, London, New York: Routledge, page 422
  14. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “gini”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 214–215
  15. ^ Orel, Vladimir (2000) A Concise Historical Grammar of the Albanian Language, Leiden: Brill, page 50
  16. ^ Demiraj, Bardhyl (1997), “vër/ë,-a”, in Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: Investigations into the Albanian Inherited Lexicon] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7) (in de), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 414