Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/wóyh₁nom

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps related to Proto-Semitic *wayn-, whence Hebrew יַיִן (yáyin, wine) and Arabic وَيْن (wayn, black grape); as well as Proto-Kartvelian *ɣwino-, in which case the direction of borrowing is disputed among linguists.

Note that the word may have been borrowed separately from non-Indo-European languages of the Mediterranean area into various Indo-European branches, in which case the Proto-Indo-European reconstructed form would not have existed (see entry "vine" in Origins: A Short Etymological Dictionary of Modern English by Eric Partridge etc).

Noun[edit]

*wóyh₁nom n

  1. wine

Declension[edit]

Thematic
singular
nominative *wóynom
genitive *wóynosyo
singular dual plural
nominative *wóynom *wóynoy(h₁) *wóyneh₂
vocative *wóynom *wóynoy(h₁) *wóyneh₂
accusative *wóynom *wóynoy(h₁) *wóyneh₂
genitive *wóynosyo *? *wóynooHom
ablative *wóynead *? *wóynomos
dative *wóynoey *? *wóynomos
locative *wóyney, *wóynoy *? *wóynoysu
instrumental *wóynoh₁ *? *wóynōys

Descendants[edit]