Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/m-t(w)əj ~ m-ti-s

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-Tibetan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *təy (Chou, 1972)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *m-t(w)əy ⪤ *m-ti-s ("water / fluid / liquid / soak"), *twəy ⪤ dwəy ("water / egg / spit"), *twəy-n ("water / river"), *ti(y) ("water") (Matisoff, STEDT); *ti(y), *twiy (Benedict, 1972); *twəy (Chou, 1972)

Root[edit]

*m-t(w)əj ~ m-ti-s

  1. water
  2. fluid, liquid
  3. to soak
  4. wet

Descendants[edit]

  • Old Chinese: (*l̥ˁəjʔ, *l̥ˁəjʔ-s (B-S), *tʰiːlʔ, *tʰiːls, tears), (*l̥ˁəj-s (B-S), *lil, *l̥ʰiːls, nasal mucus)
    • Middle Chinese: (tʰeiX, tʰeiH), (jiɪ, tʰeiH)
      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (, /tʰi⁵¹/), (, /ji³⁵/)
  • Kamarupan
    • Kuki-Chin
      /*tuy/ (VanBik, 2009)
      • Central Chin
        • Lushai [Mizo]: tui (water, fluid, juice)
    • "Naga"
      • Northern Naga
        /*təy/ (French, 1983)
      • Tangkhulic
        /*dɨ/ (Mortensen, 2012)
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
    • Mahakiranti
      • Kham-Magar-Chepang-Sunwar
        • Chepang: /tiʔ/ ("water")
      • Kiranti
        • Western Kiranti
          • Hayu: /ti/ ("water")
  • Jingpho-Asakian
    • Jingpho
      • Jingpho [Kachin]: madi (wet, moist), madit (wet, moist; dampen)
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      *m/ʔ-titᴴ (wet; soak)
      • Loloish
        • Central Loloish
          • Lisu (Southern): ꓔꓲꓹ (, to immerse in water, dye)
  • Karen: *thejᴬ (water) (Luangthongkum, 2013)
    • Sgaw: ထံ (thi, water)

See also[edit]