Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-dlo

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-tlom / *-dʰlom.

Suffix[edit]

*-dlo n

  1. Forms nouns denoting a tool or instrument.
    *oràti (to plow)*òrdlo (plow)
    *česàti (to comb)*česadlo (comb)
    *pьsàti (to write)*pisadlo (pencil)
    *mě̀riti (to measure)*měridlo (scales)
    *kadìti (to smoke)*kadìdlo (incense)
    *žerti (to eat)*gъ̀rdlo (throat)
    *mỳti (to wash)*mỳdlo (soap)
    *šìti (to sew)*šidlo (awl)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

Note the loss of d from -dlo in South and East Slavic languages but its presentation in West Slavic ones.

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: -ло (-lo)
      • Belarusian: -ла (-la) (unstressed), -ло (-lo) (stressed)
      • Russian: -ло (-lo)
      • Ukrainian: -ло (-lo)
    • Old Novgorodian: -гло (-glo)
  • South Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic:
      Cyrillic: -ло (-lo)
      Glagolitic: -ⰾⱁ (-lo)
    • Bulgarian: -ло (-lo)
    • Macedonian: -ло (-lo)
    • Serbo-Croatian:
      Cyrillic: -ло
      Latin: -lo
    • Slovene: -lo
  • Non-Slavic languages:

References[edit]

  • Šekli, Matej (2012), “Besedotvorni pomeni samostalniških izpeljank v praslovanščini”, in Philological Studies[1] (in Slovene), volume 10, issue 1, Skopje, Perm, Ljubljana, Zagreb, pages 115–32