Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-očь

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Obsolete nominal suffix, derived from *-okъ +‎ *-jь, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *-kyós. Equivalent to *-čь, appended to o-stems. Encountered mainly in South Slavic.

Survives as an adverb in *per +‎ *-očь > Old Church Slavonic прочь (pročĭ, forth), проче (proče, therefore).

Suffix[edit]

*-òčь m

  1. From nouns or participles, forms state nouns with expressive, pungent connotation
    Synonyms: *-ostь, *-ota
    *gňilъ (rotten)*gňilоčь (rot)
    *morzъ (frost)*morzočь (iciness)
  2. From verbs in *-ati, forms expressive state nouns
    Synonym: *-otьja
    *bľьvati (to spit)*bľьvоčь (vomit)
    *brъkati (to stir)*brъkоčь (mess)

Declension[edit]

Related suffixes[edit]