Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-okъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Nominal suffix, derived from *-kъ appended to o-stems *-ъ, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *-kós.

Suffix[edit]

*-òkъ m

  1. (Regional) From feminine animal nouns (usually in i-stem), forms the respective masculine counter-part (in South Slavic)
    *pъtъka (duck)*pъtokъ (drake)
    *mečьka f (bear)*mečokъ f (bear)
    *gǫsь (goose)*gǫsokъ (gander)
    *myšь f (mouse)*myšokъ m (mouse)
  2. From adjectives, forms a carrier of the adjective
    Synonyms: *-ьcь, *-ežь, *-ьjь
    *moldъ (young)*moldokъ (novice, youth, young tree)
    *starъ (old)*starokъ (veteran, elderly)
    *slěpъ (blind)*slěpokъ (blind creature/person)
    Pre-Slavic *sklǫbъ (lateral)*xlǫbokъ (hip)
  3. From prepositions, forms a carrier of the adjective
    0-grade of *per (for, per)*prokъ (remnant, remainder)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjectival suffix, derived from *-kъ appended to o-stems *-ъ, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *-kos.

Suffix[edit]

*-òkъ

  1. From gauge nouns in i-stem, forms adjectives with pertaining meaning: -y
    *glǫbь (depth)*glǫbokъ (deep)
    *vysь (height, elevation)*vysokъ (high, elevated)
    *širь (scope, vast space)*širokъ (wide)
    *dalь (distance)*dalekъ (distant)
    *žestь (stiffness)*žestokъ (cruel, severe)
    Pre-Slavic *grǫstь (roughness, cavity)*grǫstokъ (rough, sturdy)

Alternative forms[edit]

  • *-ekъ (when appended to yo-stems)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Category Proto-Slavic words suffixed with *-ekъ not found


References[edit]