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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *ramˀb-, *rumˀb-. Cognate with Lithuanian rumbúoti (to hem), rémbėti (to become covered with scars), Lithuanian rum̃bas, rùmbas (notch, scar, waist (on clothing)), Latvian ròbs (notch) < *ràmbs. Per Vasmer, possibly cognate with Old Norse ramr, rammr (sharp, bitter), rimma (struggle), Old High German ramft (edge). Per Chernykh, cognate with Middle High German rumpf (torso).


*rǫbìti ?

  1. to chop
  2. to hem


Related terms[edit]


  • West Slavic:
    • Czech: roubit (to erect, (rarely) to hem, (archaic) to graft)
    • Old Polish: rąbić
    • Slovak: rúbať (to chop, to beat)
    • Sorbian:
      • Upper Sorbian: rubać (to chop)
      • Lower Sorbian: rubaś (to chop)


  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “руби́ть”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 125
  • Derksen, Rick (2008), “*rǫbìti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 439
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “руби́ть”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv O. N., Moscow: Progress