Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/zelenъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Apparently originally participle of verb **zelti, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *źelʔ-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃-. Morphologically *zel- +‎ *-enъ.

Baltic cognates include Lithuanian žélti (to sprout), žãlias (green), žel̃vas (greenish), Latvian zelt (to become green), zaļš (green), Old Prussian saligan (green).

Indo-European cognates include Sanskrit हरि (hari, fallow, yellowish, greenish), Avestan 𐬰𐬀𐬭𐬀𐬥𐬫𐬀(zaranya), Latin helvus (honey-yellow), Albanian dhelpërë, Ancient Greek χλωρός (khlōrós, pale green, greenish yellow), Proto-Germanic *gelwaz (yellow).

Adjective[edit]

*zelènъ[1][2]

  1. green

Inflection[edit]

Accent paradigm b.

See also[edit]

Colors in Proto-Slavic · *květi (layout · text)
     *bělъ
(of animals) *bronъ
     *sivъ, *śěrъ, *śědъ      *čьrnъ, *smaglъ/*smǫglъ
(of animals) *vornъ, *galъ
             *čьrvenъ, *ryďь, *ruměnъ; *bagrъ              *rudъ, *granivъ; *smědъ,
(of animals) *gnědъ
             *žьltъ
(of animals) *solvъ; *polvъ
             *zelenъ              *zelenъ, *grěnъ             
                          *polvъ              *siňь; *modrъ
             *slivъ                          

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “зеленый”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “зелёный”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 322
  • Куркина Л. В. (2010), “Комментарии к IV тому "Этимологического словаря словенского языка" Ф. Безлая”, in Этимология, 2006-2008, Moscow: Nauka, page 164

References[edit]

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*zelènъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 541: “adj. o (b) ‘green’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “zelenъ zelena zeleno”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “b grøn (PR 136)”