The Roman name for Rochester was Durobrivae which has two possible origins. It may refer to "fort by the bridge", but which fort (British, Claudian Roman or later fortification after AD 175) is a matter of debate. alternatively the name may come from the British word Dourbruf meaning "swift stream".
The name is recorded as Durobrivis in around 730 and Dorobrevis in 844. The first of these was pronounced as "Robrivis". St Bede the Venerable copied down the name, c730, mistaking its meaning as "Hrofi's fortified camp" (OE Hrofes cæster). From this comes c730 Hrofæscæstre, 811 Hrofescester, 1086 Rovescester, 1610 Rochester.
The Latinised adjective Roffensis refers to Rochester.
- A city name, originally of the Rochester in Kent, England.
- A British surname.
- A hamlet in Alberta, Canada
- A village in Illinois
- A city in Indiana
- A city in Kentucky
- A town in Massachusetts
- A city in Michigan
- A large city in Minnesota, and the county seat of Olmsted County.
- A ghost town in Nevada
- A city in New Hampshire
- A large city in New York, and the county seat of Monroe County.
- A village in Ohio
- A borough in Pennsylvania
- A town in Texas
- A town in Vermont
- A town in Victoria, Australia
- A census-designated place in Washington
- A village in Wisconsin
- Medway Towns (sense 1)