Thoth

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English[edit]

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Thoth, relief in the temple of Ramesses II in Abydos, Egypt

Etymology[edit]

Via Latin from Ancient Greek Θώθ (Thṓth), from Egyptian ḏḥwtj (Thoth, literally ‘he who is like the ibis’)

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Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /θəʊθ/

Proper noun[edit]

Thoth

  1. The ancient Egyptian moon god of wisdom, learning, and magic, usually depicted as an ibis or baboon.
  2. The first month of the later ancient Egyptian civil calendar and Coptic calendar, corresponding to the first month of the season of Akhet. Since 25 BCE, when the calendar was reformed to include leap-days, Thoth has been in roughly September.
    • 1762, John Kennedy, A Complete System of Astronomical Chronology Unfolding the Scriptures:
      To November 1 add 7, and the ſum will ſhew, that the ſeventh day of Thoth fell, that year, upon the eighth day of November.
    • 1842, Frederick Portal, “Correspondence—Swedenborg and Champollion” in The British Magazine and Monthly Register of Religious and Ecclesiastical Information, Parochial History, and Documents Respecting the State of the Poor, Progress of Education, Etc, Vol. 21:
      Now the month of Thoth was the first of the Egyptian year, because this month begins a new period.
    • 1989, Bernard Pyne Grenfell and Arthur Surridge Hunt, The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, Vol. 56:
      In that case this quadrimenstruum would be the first one of the Egyptian year, Thoth, Phaophi, Hathyr, Choeac.

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