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Papio ursinus Chamca baboon.jpg

Alternative forms[edit]


From Middle English babewin, baboin, from Old French babouin, from baboue ‎(grimace, muzzle), of Germanic origin, related to German dialectal Bäppe ‎(muzzle), Middle High German beffen ‎(to bark), Middle English baffen ‎(to bark). See also baff, baffle.



baboon ‎(plural baboons)

  1. An Old World monkey of the genus Papio, having dog-like muzzles and large canine teeth, cheek pouches, a short tail, and naked callosities on the buttocks.
    • 1971: Philip José Farmer, Down in the Black Gang: and others; a story collection, page 79 (Nelson Doubleday)
      Mix swallowed the comment he wanted to make, that the council hall stank like a congress of baboons. But he was in no position to insult his host, nor should he. The man was only expressing the attitude of his time.
    • 2012 March-April, John T. Jost, “Social Justice: Is It in Our Nature (and Our Future)?”, American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 162: 
      He draws eclectically on studies of baboons, descriptive anthropological accounts of hunter-gatherer societies and, in a few cases, the fossil record.

Usage notes[edit]

The collective noun for baboons is troop.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]



  1. 1.0 1.1 baboon” listed in the Oxford English Dictionary, second edition (1989)