From Middle English babewin, baboin, from Old French babouin, from baboue (“grimace; muzzle”), of West Germanic origin, related to dialectal German Bäppe (“lips; muzzle”), Middle High German beffen (“to bark”), Middle English baffen (“to bark”). See also baff, baffle.
- (Received Pronunciation) enPR: bəbo͞onʹ, IPA(key): /bəˈbuːn/,
- (US) IPA(key): /ˌbæˈbuːn/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -uːn
baboon (plural baboons)
- An Old World monkey of the genus Papio, having dog-like muzzles and large canine teeth, cheek pouches, a short tail, and naked callosities on the buttocks. [from 13th c.]
- 1971, Philip José Farmer, Down in the Black Gang: and others; a story collection, Nelson Doubleday, page 79:
- Mix swallowed the comment he wanted to make, that the council hall stank like a congress of baboons. But he was in no position to insult his host, nor should he. The man was only expressing the attitude of his time.
- 2012 March-April, John T. Jost, “Social Justice: Is It in Our Nature (and Our Future)?”, in American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, archived from the original on 21 June 2017, page 162:
- He draws eclectically on studies of baboons, descriptive anthropological accounts of hunter-gatherer societies and, in a few cases, the fossil record.
- (colloquial, derogatory) A foolish or boorish person.
The collective noun for baboons is troop.
- Anubis baboon (Papio anubis)
- Arabian baboon (Papio hamadryas)
- baboon spider (Theraphosidae)
- Cape baboon, chacma baboon (Papio ursinus)
- dog-faced baboon (Papio hamadryas)
- gelada baboon (Theropithecus gelada)
- Guinea baboon (Papio papio)
- hamadryas baboon (Papio hamadryas)
- Kinda baboon (Papio kindae)
- lion-tailed baboon (Macacus silenus)
- olive baboon (Papio anubis)
- sacred baboon (Papio hamadryas)
- sphinx baboon (Papio sphinx)
- ursine baboon (Papio ursinus)
- western baboon (Papio papio)
- wood baboon (Mandrillus leucophaeus)
- yellow baboon (Papio cynocephalus)
- chacma (Papio ursinus)
- drill (Mandrillus leucophaeus)
- mandrill (Mandrillus sphinx)
- Appendix:English collective nouns
- “ ” listed in the Oxford English Dictionary, second edition (1989)