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Papio ursinus Chamca baboon.jpg

Alternative forms[edit]


From Middle English babewin, baboin, from Old French babouin, from baboue (grimace, muzzle), of Germanic origin, related to German dialectal Bäppe (muzzle), Middle High German beffen (to bark), Middle English baffen (to bark). See also baff, baffle.



baboon (plural baboons)

  1. An Old World monkey of the genus Papio, having dog-like muzzles and large canine teeth, cheek pouches, a short tail, and naked callosities on the buttocks.
    • 1971: Philip José Farmer, Down in the Black Gang: and others; a story collection, page 79 (Nelson Doubleday)
      Mix swallowed the comment he wanted to make, that the council hall stank like a congress of baboons. But he was in no position to insult his host, nor should he. The man was only expressing the attitude of his time.
    • 2012 March-April, John T. Jost, “Social Justice: Is It in Our Nature (and Our Future)?”, American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 162: 
      He draws eclectically on studies of baboons, descriptive anthropological accounts of hunter-gatherer societies and, in a few cases, the fossil record.

Usage notes[edit]

The collective noun for baboons is troop.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]



  1. 1.0 1.1 baboon” listed in the Oxford English Dictionary, second edition (1989)