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From German Adenin, from Ancient Greek ἀδήν (adḗn, “gland”) + -ine. It was named in 1885 by the German biochemist Albrecht Kossel, in reference to the pancreas (a specific gland) from which Kossel's sample had been extracted.
- (biochemistry, genetics) A base, C5H5N5, found in certain glands and tissues, which pairs with thymine in DNA and uracil in RNA.
- 2002, Nikolai L. Vekshin, Photonics of Biopolymers, page 115:
- One of these labels is ethenoadenine, which is obtained by chemical modification of adenine.
- 2006, David Markie, 1: Markers, Selection, and Media in Yeast Artificial Chromosome Cloning, Alasdair MacKenzie (editor), YAC Protocols, 2nd Edition, page 2,
- There are two genes in the adenine biosynthetic pathway of yeast (ADE1 and ADE2) that, apart from producing an absolute requirement for adenine when mutant, also produce a change in colony color.
- 2010, Debjani Roy, Rogué Schleyer, 6: Chemical Origin of Life: How do Five HCN Molecules Combine to form Adenine under Prebiotic and Interstellar Conditions, Chérif F. Matta, Quantum Biochemistry, page 202,
- The HCN pentamer, adenine (a constituent of DNA, RNA and many coenzymes), is one of the most abundant biochemical molecules.
base that pairs with thymine or uracil
adenine f pl
- plural of