aestus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂eydʰ- (burn; fire). Cognate with Latin aestās, poss. aedis, Ancient Greek αἴθω (aíthō)), Old English ād (pyre).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aestus m (genitive aestūs); fourth declension

  1. heat
  2. fire
  3. tide
  4. surge of the sea
  5. (figuratively) passion
  6. (figuratively) hesitation

Inflection[edit]

Fourth declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative aestus aestūs
genitive aestūs aestuum
dative aestuī aestibus
accusative aestum aestūs
ablative aestū aestibus
vocative aestus aestūs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • aestus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • aestus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aestus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • ebb and flow (of tide): accessus et recessus aestuum
    • the ebb: decessus aestus
    • the alternation of tides: aestus maritimi mutuo accedentes et recedentes (N. D. 2. 53. 132)
    • the tide is coming in: aestus ex alto se incitat (B. G. 3.12)
    • when the tide begins to go down: aestu rursus minuente
    • to be able to bear heat and cold: aestus et frigoris patientem esse
    • to have a severe attack of fever: aestu et febri iactari
    • at high tide: aestu incitato