From aestus (“undulating, waving; heat”) + -ō.
aestuō (present infinitive aestuāre, perfect active aestuāvī, supine aestuātum); first conjugation
- I am in agitation or violent commotion, move to and fro, writhe, rage, toss, boil up, heave.
c. 99 BCE – 55 BCE
, De rerum natura 5.1097
- et ramosa tamen cum ventis pulsa vacillans / aestuat in ramos incumbens arboris arbor
- Yet also when a many-branched tree, / beaten by winds, writhes swaying to and fro, pressing 'gainst branches of a neighbour tree
- (of fire) I burn, blaze, rage.
c. 37 BCE – 30 BCE
, Georgicon 4.263
- […] aestuat ut clausis rapidus fornacibus ignis
- […] as the rapacious fire blazes in a sealed furnace
- (of the effect of fire) I am warm or hot, swelter, glow, burn.
c. 37 BCE – 30 BCE
, Georgicon 1.107
- […] et cum exustus ager morientibus aestuat herbis / ecce […]
- […] and see, when the scorched land burns with the grasses withering […]
- (of water) I rise in waves or billows, surge, whirl, seethe.
23 BCE – 13 BCE
, Odes 2.6.4
- […] ubi Maura semper / aestuat unda
- […] and Moorish wave / that whirls the sand.
- (figuratively, of emotions) I burn with desire, am agitated or excited, am inflamed, fret.
, In Verrem
- quod ubi auditum est aestuare illi qui pecuniam dederant
- And when this was known, they began to fret who had paid the money.
- (figuratively, of emotions) I vacillate, hesitate, am in doubt or undecided.
c. 95 CE
, Institutio Oratoria
- sic anceps inter utrumque animus aestuat […]
- Consequently, the mind will waver in doubt between the two alternatives […]
- aestuo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- aestuo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- aestuo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette