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French affranchi.


affranchi (plural affranchis)

  1. (historical) A freed (manumitted) black person in one of France's colonies, especially Haiti.
    • 1983, JoAnn M. Jaffe, Structural monopoly and independent household production: stagnation in the agrarian economy of Haiti:
      The affranchis were identifiably mulatto and, as such, considered themselves superior to the mass of black slaves. They attempted to emulate whites and developed an ideology of race hatred []
    • 2010, Jennifer M. Spear, Race, Sex, and Social Order in Early New Orleans, JHU Press, →ISBN, page 66:
      The 1724 code's other statements on manumission aimed at preventing the growth of an affranchi population unable to support itself by insisting that owners continue to support those affranchis who were disabled or ill. Upon emancipation, both codes noirs declared that affranchis were to be granted "the same rights, privileges and immunities enjoyed by persons born free"; []
    • 2017, Terry Rey, The Priest and the Prophetess, Oxford University Press, →ISBN:
      By 1786 the population of the Parish of Léogâne —whose growth was fueled by the lucrative coffee and sugar industries—counted "1,064 whites, 1,520 affranchis, and 16,492 slaves".

Coordinate terms[edit]



  • IPA(key): /a.fʁɑ̃.ʃi/
  • (file)


affranchi (feminine affranchie, masculine plural affranchis, feminine plural affranchies)

  1. past participle of affranchir


affranchi m (plural affranchis, feminine affranchie)

  1. freedman (man who has been released from a condition of slavery)


  • English: affranchi

Further reading[edit]




  1. inflection of affrancare:
    1. second-person singular present indicative
    2. first/second/third-person singular present subjunctive
    3. third-person singular imperative