aithne

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Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Aran) IPA(key): /ˈæn̠ʲə/, /ˈænə/[1]
  • (Cois Fharraige) IPA(key): /ˈæːnʲə/

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish aithgne ‎(knowing, recognition).

Noun[edit]

aithne f ‎(genitive singular aithne)

  1. acquaintance, acquaintanceship (with ar plus the person or thing one is acquainted with)
    aithne agam air.
    I know him; I am acquainted with him.
  2. recognition; act of recognizing
  3. knowledge
  4. (characteristic or distinguishing) appearance
  5. Alternative form of aithint: verbal noun of aithin
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish aithne ‎(act of entrusting, commanding)

Noun[edit]

aithne f ‎(genitive singular aithne, nominative plural aitheanta)

  1. commandment, precept
Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
aithne n-aithne haithne t-aithne
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Franz Nikolaus Finck, 1899, Die araner mundart, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, vol. II, 24.

Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aithne n, f ‎(io-stem)

  1. verbal noun of ad·noí
  2. an act of entrusting, handing over; the thing entrusted
    • c. 845, St. Gall Glosses on Priscian, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1975, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 49–224, Sg. 66a26
      a n-aithne glosses depositum
  3. an act of commanding; a command, order
  4. (biblical) a commandment, a Commandment

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
aithne unchanged n-aithne
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish aithgne ‎(knowing, recognition).

Noun[edit]

aithne f ‎(genitive singular aithne)

  1. knowledge, discernment, acquaintance

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]