ajtó

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Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Ugric *ȣjɜ- ‎(come off, get looser, get free).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɒjtoː]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: aj‧tó

Noun[edit]

ajtó ‎(plural ajtók)

  1. door (portal of entry into a building or room)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative ajtó ajtók
accusative ajtót ajtókat
dative ajtónak ajtóknak
instrumental ajtóval ajtókkal
causal-final ajtóért ajtókért
translative ajtóvá ajtókká
terminative ajtóig ajtókig
essive-formal ajtóként ajtókként
essive-modal
inessive ajtóban ajtókban
superessive ajtón ajtókon
adessive ajtónál ajtóknál
illative ajtóba ajtókba
sublative ajtóra ajtókra
allative ajtóhoz ajtókhoz
elative ajtóból ajtókból
delative ajtóról ajtókról
ablative ajtótól ajtóktól

Two types of the possessive exist. The one with stem change is mostly used for an "immediate" possession such as a room or a house having a door. To express that a person has a door, the one formation without stem change is used (although in some dialects the stem changed version is used at all places). This is why "ajtajam" is rare, except in dialects.

  • without stem change:
Possessive forms of ajtó
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. ajtóm ajtóim
2nd person sing. ajtód ajtóid
3rd person sing. ajtója ajtói
1st person plural ajtónk ajtóink
2nd person plural ajtótok ajtóitok
3rd person plural ajtójuk ajtóik
  • with stem change:
Possessive forms of ajtó
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. ajtajam ajtajaim
2nd person sing. ajtajad ajtajaid
3rd person sing. ajtaja ajtajai
1st person plural ajtajunk ajtajaink
2nd person plural ajtajatok ajtajaitok
3rd person plural ajtajuk ajtajaik

Derived terms[edit]

(Expressions):

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entry #1873 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.