all roads lead to Rome

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Modern wording of medieval sentiment; apparently originally a reference to Roman roads generally and the Milliarium Aureum (Golden Milestone) specifically.[1]

Appears in the form mīlle viae dūcunt hominēs per saecula Rōmam (a thousand roads lead men forever to Rome) in Liber Parabolarum, 591 (1175), by Alain de Lille.[2]

The earliest English form appears to be “right as diverse pathes leden the folk the righte wey to Rome”, in A Treatise on the Astrolabe (Prologue, ll. 39–40), 1391, by Geoffrey Chaucer.[3]


all roads lead to Rome

  1. Different paths can take one to the same goal.



  1. ^ Schaaf, P. (1867/1886) Ante-nicene fathers: The Apostolic fathers, Justin Martyr, Irenaeus, volume 1, electronic reprint edition, Grand Rapids, MI, USA: CCEL: Roberts, A. & Donaldson, J, Eds., page 1
  2. ^ Samuel Singer; Kuratorium Singer (1995), Walter de Gruyter, editor, Thesaurus Proverbiorum Medii Aevi: Lexikon der Sprichwörter des Romanisch-germanischen Mittelalters[1], ISBN 978 311008529 7, page 355
  3. ^ A Treatise on the Astrolabe, Part 1