arwain

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Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *ɸare-wedn- (compare synonymous arweddu from *ɸarewedeti), from *ɸare- + *wedeti (compare Old Irish feidid (bring, lead)), from *wedʰ- (to lead) (compare Lithuanian vèsti, Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐍅𐌹𐌳𐌰𐌽 (gawidan), Old Church Slavonic вести (vesti).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

arwain (first-person singular present arweiniaf)

  1. to lead, guide
  2. to conduct (e.g. an orchestra)
  3. to lead (to a certain place)
    Mae’r llwybr ’ma’n arwain i’r goedwig.
    This path leads to the forest.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
arwain unchanged unchanged harwain
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*wed-o-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 406

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-), “arweiniaf”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies