asinis

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See also: asinīs

Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

asinīs

  1. dative plural of asinus
  2. ablative plural of asinus

Latvian[edit]

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 Asinis on Latvian Wikipedia

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Asinis

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *as-n̥-, from Proto-Indo-European *es-r̥-, *h₁ésh₂r̥ (blood), an old, n/r-alternating Indo-European stem; the e > a change is perhaps due to the word's original trisyllabic structure. Cognates include Hittite eššar / ešẖar (< *ašẖar), genitive ešẖanant-, Sanskrit असृज् (asṛj), Ancient Greek ἔαρ (éar), Latin aser, Tocharian A ysār, Tocharian B yasar.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

asinis f (6th declension)

  1. (anatomy) blood (red, opaque liquid that circulates inside the body)
    arteriālās, venožas asinis — arterial, venous blood
    asins spiediensblood pressure
    asins grupa, asinsgrupablood group
    asins analīzeblood test
    gāzu apmaiņa asinīs — gas exchange in the blood
    pārliet asinis — to transfuse blood, to do a blood transfusion
    asinis plūst no ievainojumablood flows from a wound
    apturēt asinis — to stop the blood
    asinīm pieplūdušas acisbloodshot eyes
    sarkans kā asinis — red as blood
  2. a person's nature, temperament
    karstas, aukstas asinis — hot, cold blood, hot-, cold-blooded
    but asinīs — to be in the blood (= nature)
  3. origin, implying a feeling of belonging to a group, nation, etc.
    dižciltīgas asinis — noble blood
    zilās asinis — blue blood

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The plural forms are preferred, though the nominative and genitive form asins exist (the genitive is often used in biological or medical contexts; the nominative is only sporadically attested).

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “asinis” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.