asinis

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See also: asinīs

Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

asinīs

  1. dative plural of asinus
  2. ablative plural of asinus

Latvian[edit]

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 asinis on Latvian Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *as-n̥-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésh₂r̥ (blood), an old, n/r-alternating Indo-European stem; the e > a change is perhaps due to the word's original trisyllabic structure. Cognates include Hittite eššar / ešẖar (< *ašẖar), genitive ešẖanant-, Sanskrit असृज् (asṛj), Ancient Greek ἔαρ (éar), Latin aser, Tocharian A ysār, Tocharian B yasar.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

asinis f (6th declension)

  1. (anatomy) blood (red, opaque liquid that circulates inside the body)
    arteriālās, venožas asinisarterial, venous blood
    asins spiediensblood pressure
    asins grupa, asinsgrupablood group
    asins analīzeblood test
    gāzu apmaiņa asinīsgas exchange in the blood
    pārliet asinisto transfuse blood, to do a blood transfusion
    asinis plūst no ievainojumablood flows from a wound
    apturēt asinisto stop the blood
    asinīm pieplūdušas acisbloodshot eyes
    sarkans kā asinisred as blood
  2. a person's nature, temperament
    karstas, aukstas asinishot, cold blood, hot-, cold-blooded
    but asinīsto be in the blood (= nature)
  3. origin, implying a feeling of belonging to a group, nation, etc.
    dižciltīgas asinisnoble blood
    zilās asinisblue blood

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The plural forms are preferred, though the nominative and genitive form asins exist (the genitive is often used in biological or medical contexts; the nominative is only sporadically attested).

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “asinis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7