atkarīgs

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Calque of German abhängig(dependent), coined at the end of the 19th century from atkār(t)(to hang down) +‎ -īgs (with atkārt from at- +‎ kārt(to hang)), together with the related term atkarība.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

atkarīgs (def. atkarīgais, comp. atkarīgāks, sup. visatkarīgākais; adv. atkarīgi)

  1. dependent (such that it finds itself under the power, authority or influence of some person, group, nation, country, etc.)
    atkarīgās valstis‎ ― dependent countries
    būt materiāli atkarīgam no vecākiem‎ ― to be financially dependent on one's parents
    atkarīgās tautas alkst atbrīvoties no ārzemju monopola kundzības‎ ― dependent nations crave to free themselves from the domination of foreign monopolies
  2. dependent (such that it is determined by other factors, phenomena, etc.)
    atkarīgais vārds‎ ― dependent noun (in a noun phrase)
    Indijā raža ir atkarīga no lietus, ko atnes musoni‎ ― in India, (food) production is dependent on the rain that is brought by the monsoons
    tikai no pašiem cilvēkiem viss atkarīgs‎ ― everything depends (lit. is dependent) only on the people themselves

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “atkarība”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7