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A calque of German abhängig (dependent), coined at the end of the 19th century from atkār(t) (to hang down) +‎ -īgs (with atkārt from at- +‎ kārt (to hang)), together with the related term atkarība.[1]


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atkarīgs (def. atkarīgais, comp. atkarīgāks, sup. visatkarīgākais; adv. atkarīgi)

  1. dependent (such that it finds itself under the power, authority or influence of some person, group, nation, country, etc.)
    atkarīgās valstisdependent countries
    būt materiāli atkarīgam no vecākiem — to be financially dependent on one's parents
    atkarīgās tautas alkst atbrīvoties no ārzemju monopola kundzībasdependent nations crave to free themselves from the domination of foreign monopolies
  2. dependent (such that it is determined by other factors, phenomena, etc.)
    atkarīgais vārdsdependent noun (in a noun phrase)
    Indijā raža ir atkarīga no lietus, ko atnes musoni — in India, (food) production is dependent on the rain that is brought by the monsoons
    tikai no pašiem cilvēkiem viss atkarīgs — everything depends (lit. is dependent) only on the people themselves



Related terms[edit]


  1. ^ “atkarība” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7