attainture

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Medieval Latin attinctūra, used to translate Old French ateint, from Vulgar Latin *attinctus (perfect passive participle of Latin attingō).

Noun[edit]

attainture (plural attaintures)

  1. (obsolete) A state of being found guilty of an offence.
    Synonyms: attainder, attaintment, condemnation
    • 1591, William Shakespeare, “The Second Part of Henry the Sixt, []”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene ii]:
      [] thus, I fear, at last
      Hume’s knavery will be the duchess’ wreck,
      And her attainture will be Humphrey’s fall:
    • 1637, Philemon Holland (translator), Britain, or A Chorographicall Description [] by William Camden, London: George Latham, “The O-Neales, and their rebellions in our time,” p. 122,[1]
      The title and place of Earle of Tir-Oen was presently granted: but as touching the inheritance, considering that upon the forfaiture and attainture of Shan O-Neale the Kings of England were invested therein, the matter was referred unto Queene Elizabeth:
  2. (obsolete) Imputation of dishonour.
    Synonyms: attainder, disgrace
    • 1608, George Chapman, The Conspiracy and Tragedy of Charles, Duke of Byron, London: Thomas Thorppe, Act III, Scene 1,[2]
      [] you may come,
      And take more strickt directions from his highnesse,
      Then he thinkes fit his letters should containe,
      Without the least attainture of your valure;
    • 1644, John Milton, The Judgement of Martin Bucer [] now Englisht, London, “To the Parliament,”[3]
      [] they must dig up the good name of these prime worthies [] and brand them as the Papists did thir bodies; and those thir pure unblamable spirits, which live not only in heaven, but in thir writings, they must attaint with new attaintures which no Protestant ever before aspers’t them with.
  3. (obsolete) Unhealthy bodily condition.
    Synonym: disease
    • 1630, Gervase Markham, Markhams Faithfull Farrier, London: Michael Sparke, “Another Receipt for any extraordinary Cold, dry Cough, or pursicknesse in a Horse [] ,” p. 68,[4]
      [] if the infirmitie b[e] old and dangerous, or if there b[e] any attainture in the Lungs or L[i]uer []
    • 1676, John Halfpenny, The Gentlemans Jockey, London: Hen. Twyford and Nath. Brook, “General Observations, Helps and advertisements, for any man when he goeth about to buy an Horse,” p. 34,[5]
      But because there is but one Truth, and one perfection, I will, under the description of the perfect Horse, that is untainted, shew all the imperfections and attaintures, that either nature or mischance can put upon the Horse of greatest deformity.

Related terms[edit]