bædan

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Old English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

PIE root
*bʰeydʰ-

From Proto-Germanic *baidijaną ‎(to constrain, cause to stay), causative of *bīdaną ‎(to wait, guard), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeydʰ- ‎(persuade, agree). Cognate with Old Saxon bēdian ‎(to demand), Old High German beitōn ‎(to pressure, demand), Old Norse beiða ‎(demand, long for), Gothic 𐌱𐌰𐌹𐌳𐌾𐌰𐌽 ‎(baidjan, to constrain). More at bide.

Indo-European cognates: Ancient Greek πείθω ‎(peíthō), Latin fidere, Slavic *běda ‎(adversity, misery), Albanian bint.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bǣdan

  1. to constrain, to incite, to compel
    Ðæs his lufu bædeþ: whom his love constrains. (Exeter Book)
Conjugation[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Of uncertain origin. Perhaps from Proto-Germanic *bad-, of unknown origin. Related to Old English bæddel ‎(effeminate man).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bædan

  1. to defile
Conjugation[edit]