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Etymology 1[edit]

Thought to be a loanword, perhaps from Etruscan.[1]


bardus (feminine barda, neuter bardum, comparative bardior); first/second declension

  1. (rare) stupid, oafish, dull of apprehension
Usage notes[edit]
  • Neither the superlative (*bardissimus) nor the adverbial (*bardē) is attested in Classical or Late sources.

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative bardus barda bardum bardī bardae barda
genitive bardī bardae bardī bardōrum bardārum bardōrum
dative bardō bardō bardīs
accusative bardum bardam bardum bardōs bardās barda
ablative bardō bardā bardō bardīs
vocative barde barda bardum bardī bardae barda


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “bardus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 69

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *bardos (bard), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷerH- (to approve, praise), whence grātus.


bardus m (genitive bardī); second declension

  1. a bard (a poet and singer among the Gauls)

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative bardus bardī
genitive bardī bardōrum
dative bardō bardīs
accusative bardum bardōs
ablative bardō bardīs
vocative barde bardī


  • ††2. bardus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • bardus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “bardus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • 2 bardus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette: “208/2”