bardus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Unknown, thought to be a loanword, perhaps from Etruscan.[1] Compare bārō (dunce, lout).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bardus (feminine barda, neuter bardum, comparative bardior); first/second-declension adjective

  1. (rare) stupid, oafish, dull of apprehension
Usage notes[edit]
  • Neither the superlative (*bardissimus) nor the adverbial (*bardē) is attested in Classical or Late sources.
Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative bardus barda bardum bardī bardae barda
Genitive bardī bardae bardī bardōrum bardārum bardōrum
Dative bardō bardō bardīs
Accusative bardum bardam bardum bardōs bardās barda
Ablative bardō bardā bardō bardīs
Vocative barde barda bardum bardī bardae barda
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “bardus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 69

Further reading[edit]

  • 1. bardus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • 1 bardus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette: “208/2”

Etymology 2[edit]

Attested since Lucan, from Proto-Celtic *bardos (bard), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷerH- (to approve, praise), whence grātus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bardus m (genitive bardī); second declension

  1. a bard (a poet and singer among the Gauls)
Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative bardus bardī
Genitive bardī bardōrum
Dative bardō bardīs
Accusative bardum bardōs
Ablative bardō bardīs
Vocative barde bardī
Descendants[edit]
  • French: barde
  • Hungarian: bárd
  • Italian: bardo
  • Portuguese: bardo
  • Spanish: bardo

Further reading[edit]

  • ††2. bardus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • bardus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • bardus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • 2 bardus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette: “208/2”