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Etymology 1[edit]

French bergamote, from Italian bergamotta; probably from Ottoman Turkish beg armudu, equivalent to Turkish bey armudu (a lord's pear).


bergamot (countable and uncountable, plural bergamots)

  1. A tree of the orange family (Citrus × limon, syn. Citrus bergamia), having a roundish or pear-shaped fruit, from the rind of which an essential oil of delicious odor is extracted, much prized as a perfume. Also, the fruit.
  2. The essence or perfume made from the fruit.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Johnson to this entry?)
  3. A variety of snuff perfumed with bergamot.
    • (Can we date this quote?) William Cowper
      The better hand [] gives the nose its bergamot.
  4. Either of two plants of the mint family noted for their bergamot-like scent:
    1. Mentha × piperita, nothosubspecies citrata, more commonly known as bergamot mint
    2. Monarda didyma, also known as American bergamot or bee balm.
  5. A variety of pear.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Johnson to this entry?)
Derived terms[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Bergamo


bergamot (usually uncountable, plural bergamots)

  1. A coarse tapestry, manufactured from flock of cotton or hemp, mixed with ox's or goat's hair.



EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.


  • IPA(key): /ˌbɛr.ɣaːˈmɔt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ber‧ga‧mot
  • Rhymes: -ɔt


bergamot f (plural bergamotten, diminutive bergamotje n)

  1. bergamot (pear-shaped citrus fruit)
    Synonym: herenpeer

Derived terms[edit]