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Etymology 1[edit]

French bergamote, from Italian bergamotta; probably from Ottoman Turkish beg armudu, equivalent to Turkish bey armudu (a lord's pear).


bergamot (countable and uncountable, plural bergamots)

  1. A tree of the orange family (Citrus × limon, syn. Citrus bergamia), having a roundish or pear-shaped fruit, from the rind of which an essential oil of delicious odor is extracted, much prized as a perfume. Also, the fruit.
  2. The essence or perfume made from the fruit.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Johnson to this entry?)
  3. A variety of snuff perfumed with bergamot.
    • (Can we date this quote?) William Cowper
      The better hand [] gives the nose its bergamot.
  4. Either of two plants of the mint family noted for their bergamot-like scent:
    1. Mentha × piperita, nothosubspecies citrata, more commonly known as bergamot mint
    2. Monarda didyma, also known as American bergamot or bee balm.
  5. A variety of pear.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Johnson to this entry?)
Derived terms[edit]
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External links[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Bergamo


bergamot (usually uncountable, plural bergamots)

  1. A coarse tapestry, manufactured from flock of cotton or hemp, mixed with ox's or goat's hair.