bhekana

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Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From -bheka +‎ -ana.

Verb[edit]

-bhekana?

  1. (intransitive) to look at each other
  2. (intransitive) to watch each other
  3. (intransitive) to be faced, confronted [+ na- (object) = with]
  4. (intransitive) to meet [+ na- (object) = with]

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukubhekana
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukubhekana ukungabhekani
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular bhekana -bhekane
Plural bhekanani -bhekaneni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyabhekana, ngibhekana engibhekanayo, engibhekana ngibhekana angibhekani engingabhekani ngingabhekani
2nd singular uyabhekana, ubhekana obhekanayo, obhekana ubhekana awubhekani ongabhekani ungabhekani
1st plural siyabhekana, sibhekana esibhekanayo, esibhekana sibhekana asibhekani esingabhekani singabhekani
2nd plural niyabhekana, nibhekana enibhekanayo, enibhekana nibhekana anibhekani eningabhekani ningabhekani
Class 1 uyabhekana, ubhekana obhekanayo, obhekana ebhekana akabhekani ongabhekani engabhekani
Class 2 bayabhekana, babhekana ababhekanayo, ababhekana bebhekana ababhekani abangabhekani bengabhekani
Class 3 uyabhekana, ubhekana obhekanayo, obhekana ubhekana awubhekani ongabhekani ungabhekani
Class 4 iyabhekana, ibhekana ebhekanayo, ebhekana ibhekana ayibhekani engabhekani ingabhekani
Class 5 liyabhekana, libhekana elibhekanayo, elibhekana libhekana alibhekani elingabhekani lingabhekani
Class 6 ayabhekana, abhekana abhekanayo, abhekana ebhekana awabhekani angabhekani engabhekani
Class 7 siyabhekana, sibhekana esibhekanayo, esibhekana sibhekana asibhekani esingabhekani singabhekani
Class 8 ziyabhekana, zibhekana ezibhekanayo, ezibhekana zibhekana azibhekani ezingabhekani zingabhekani
Class 9 iyabhekana, ibhekana ebhekanayo, ebhekana ibhekana ayibhekani engabhekani ingabhekani
Class 10 ziyabhekana, zibhekana ezibhekanayo, ezibhekana zibhekana azibhekani ezingabhekani zingabhekani
Class 11 luyabhekana, lubhekana olubhekanayo, olubhekana lubhekana alubhekani olungabhekani lungabhekani
Class 14 buyabhekana, bubhekana obubhekanayo, obubhekana bubhekana abubhekani obungabhekani bungabhekani
Class 15 kuyabhekana, kubhekana okubhekanayo, okubhekana kubhekana akubhekani okungabhekani kungabhekani
Class 17 kuyabhekana, kubhekana okubhekanayo, okubhekana kubhekana akubhekani okungabhekani kungabhekani
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngibhekanile, ngibhekanē engibhekanile, engibhekanē ngibhekanile, ngibhekanē angibhekananga engingabhekananga ngingabhekananga
2nd singular ubhekanile, ubhekanē obhekanile, obhekanē ubhekanile, ubhekanē awubhekananga ongabhekananga ungabhekananga
1st plural sibhekanile, sibhekanē esibhekanile, esibhekanē sibhekanile, sibhekanē asibhekananga esingabhekananga singabhekananga
2nd plural nibhekanile, nibhekanē enibhekanile, enibhekanē nibhekanile, nibhekanē anibhekananga eningabhekananga ningabhekananga
Class 1 ubhekanile, ubhekanē obhekanile, obhekanē ebhekanile, ebhekanē akabhekananga ongabhekananga engabhekananga
Class 2 babhekanile, babhekanē ababhekanile, ababhekanē bebhekanile, bebhekanē ababhekananga abangabhekananga bengabhekananga
Class 3 ubhekanile, ubhekanē obhekanile, obhekanē ubhekanile, ubhekanē awubhekananga ongabhekananga ungabhekananga
Class 4 ibhekanile, ibhekanē ebhekanile, ebhekanē ibhekanile, ibhekanē ayibhekananga engabhekananga ingabhekananga
Class 5 libhekanile, libhekanē elibhekanile, elibhekanē libhekanile, libhekanē alibhekananga elingabhekananga lingabhekananga
Class 6 abhekanile, abhekanē abhekanile, abhekanē ebhekanile, ebhekanē awabhekananga angabhekananga engabhekananga
Class 7 sibhekanile, sibhekanē esibhekanile, esibhekanē sibhekanile, sibhekanē asibhekananga esingabhekananga singabhekananga
Class 8 zibhekanile, zibhekanē ezibhekanile, ezibhekanē zibhekanile, zibhekanē azibhekananga ezingabhekananga zingabhekananga
Class 9 ibhekanile, ibhekanē ebhekanile, ebhekanē ibhekanile, ibhekanē ayibhekananga engabhekananga ingabhekananga
Class 10 zibhekanile, zibhekanē ezibhekanile, ezibhekanē zibhekanile, zibhekanē azibhekananga ezingabhekananga zingabhekananga
Class 11 lubhekanile, lubhekanē olubhekanile, olubhekanē lubhekanile, lubhekanē alubhekananga olungabhekananga lungabhekananga
Class 14 bubhekanile, bubhekanē obubhekanile, obubhekanē bubhekanile, bubhekanē abubhekananga obungabhekananga bungabhekananga
Class 15 kubhekanile, kubhekanē okubhekanile, okubhekanē kubhekanile, kubhekanē akubhekananga okungabhekananga kungabhekananga
Class 17 kubhekanile, kubhekanē okubhekanile, okubhekanē kubhekanile, kubhekanē akubhekananga okungabhekananga kungabhekananga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngābhekana engābhekana ngābhekana angibhekananga engingabhekananga ngingabhekananga
2nd singular wābhekana owābhekana wābhekana awubhekananga ongabhekananga ungabhekananga
1st plural sābhekana esābhekana sābhekana asibhekananga esingabhekananga singabhekananga
2nd plural nābhekana enābhekana nābhekana anibhekananga eningabhekananga ningabhekananga
Class 1 wābhekana owābhekana ābhekana akabhekananga ongabhekananga engabhekananga
Class 2 bābhekana abābhekana bābhekana ababhekananga abangabhekananga bengabhekananga
Class 3 wābhekana owābhekana wābhekana awubhekananga ongabhekananga ungabhekananga
Class 4 yābhekana eyābhekana yābhekana ayibhekananga engabhekananga ingabhekananga
Class 5 lābhekana elābhekana lābhekana alibhekananga elingabhekananga lingabhekananga
Class 6 ābhekana ābhekana ābhekana awabhekananga angabhekananga engabhekananga
Class 7 sābhekana esābhekana sābhekana asibhekananga esingabhekananga singabhekananga
Class 8 zābhekana ezābhekana zābhekana azibhekananga ezingabhekananga zingabhekananga
Class 9 yābhekana eyābhekana yābhekana ayibhekananga engabhekananga ingabhekananga
Class 10 zābhekana ezābhekana zābhekana azibhekananga ezingabhekananga zingabhekananga
Class 11 lwābhekana olwābhekana lwābhekana alubhekananga olungabhekananga lungabhekananga
Class 14 bābhekana obābhekana bābhekana abubhekananga obungabhekananga bungabhekananga
Class 15 kwābhekana okwābhekana kwābhekana akubhekananga okungabhekananga kungabhekananga
Class 17 kwābhekana okwābhekana kwābhekana akubhekananga okungabhekananga kungabhekananga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingabhekana ngingabhekana ngingebhekane ngingebhekane
2nd singular ungabhekana ungabhekana ungebhekane ungebhekane
1st plural singabhekana singabhekana singebhekane singebhekane
2nd plural ningabhekana ningabhekana ningebhekane ningebhekane
Class 1 angabhekana engabhekana angebhekane engebhekane
Class 2 bangabhekana bengabhekana bangebhekane bengebhekane
Class 3 ungabhekana ungabhekana ungebhekane ungebhekane
Class 4 ingabhekana ingabhekana ingebhekane ingebhekane
Class 5 lingabhekana lingabhekana lingebhekane lingebhekane
Class 6 angabhekana engabhekana angebhekane engebhekane
Class 7 singabhekana singabhekana singebhekane singebhekane
Class 8 zingabhekana zingabhekana zingebhekane zingebhekane
Class 9 ingabhekana ingabhekana ingebhekane ingebhekane
Class 10 zingabhekana zingabhekana zingebhekane zingebhekane
Class 11 lungabhekana lungabhekana lungebhekane lungebhekane
Class 14 bungabhekana bungabhekana bungebhekane bungebhekane
Class 15 kungabhekana kungabhekana kungebhekane kungebhekane
Class 17 kungabhekana kungabhekana kungebhekane kungebhekane
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizobhekana engizobhekana ngizobhekana angizubhekana engingezubhekana ngingezubhekana
2nd singular uzobhekana ozobhekana uzobhekana awuzubhekana ongezubhekana ungezubhekana
1st plural sizobhekana esizobhekana sizobhekana asizubhekana esingezubhekana singezubhekana
2nd plural nizobhekana enizobhekana nizobhekana anizubhekana eningezubhekana ningezubhekana
Class 1 uzobhekana ozobhekana ezobhekana akazubhekana ongezubhekana engezubhekana
Class 2 bazobhekana abazobhekana bezobhekana abazubhekana abangezubhekana bengezubhekana
Class 3 uzobhekana ozobhekana uzobhekana awuzubhekana ongezubhekana ungezubhekana
Class 4 izobhekana ezobhekana izobhekana ayizubhekana engezubhekana ingezubhekana
Class 5 lizobhekana elizobhekana lizobhekana alizubhekana elingezubhekana lingezubhekana
Class 6 azobhekana azobhekana ezobhekana awazubhekana angezubhekana engezubhekana
Class 7 sizobhekana esizobhekana sizobhekana asizubhekana esingezubhekana singezubhekana
Class 8 zizobhekana ezizobhekana zizobhekana azizubhekana ezingezubhekana zingezubhekana
Class 9 izobhekana ezobhekana izobhekana ayizubhekana engezubhekana ingezubhekana
Class 10 zizobhekana ezizobhekana zizobhekana azizubhekana ezingezubhekana zingezubhekana
Class 11 luzobhekana oluzobhekana luzobhekana aluzubhekana olungezubhekana lungezubhekana
Class 14 buzobhekana obuzobhekana buzobhekana abuzubhekana obungezubhekana bungezubhekana
Class 15 kuzobhekana okuzobhekana kuzobhekana akuzubhekana okungezubhekana kungezubhekana
Class 17 kuzobhekana okuzobhekana kuzobhekana akuzubhekana okungezubhekana kungezubhekana
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyobhekana engiyobhekana ngiyobhekana angiyubhekana engingeyubhekana ngingeyubhekana
2nd singular uyobhekana oyobhekana uyobhekana awuyubhekana ongeyubhekana ungeyubhekana
1st plural siyobhekana esiyobhekana siyobhekana asiyubhekana esingeyubhekana singeyubhekana
2nd plural niyobhekana eniyobhekana niyobhekana aniyubhekana eningeyubhekana ningeyubhekana
Class 1 uyobhekana oyobhekana eyobhekana akayubhekana ongeyubhekana engeyubhekana
Class 2 bayobhekana abayobhekana beyobhekana abayubhekana abangeyubhekana bengeyubhekana
Class 3 uyobhekana oyobhekana uyobhekana awuyubhekana ongeyubhekana ungeyubhekana
Class 4 iyobhekana eyobhekana iyobhekana ayiyubhekana engeyubhekana ingeyubhekana
Class 5 liyobhekana eliyobhekana liyobhekana aliyubhekana elingeyubhekana lingeyubhekana
Class 6 ayobhekana ayobhekana eyobhekana awayubhekana angeyubhekana engeyubhekana
Class 7 siyobhekana esiyobhekana siyobhekana asiyubhekana esingeyubhekana singeyubhekana
Class 8 ziyobhekana eziyobhekana ziyobhekana aziyubhekana ezingeyubhekana zingeyubhekana
Class 9 iyobhekana eyobhekana iyobhekana ayiyubhekana engeyubhekana ingeyubhekana
Class 10 ziyobhekana eziyobhekana ziyobhekana aziyubhekana ezingeyubhekana zingeyubhekana
Class 11 luyobhekana oluyobhekana luyobhekana aluyubhekana olungeyubhekana lungeyubhekana
Class 14 buyobhekana obuyobhekana buyobhekana abuyubhekana obungeyubhekana bungeyubhekana
Class 15 kuyobhekana okuyobhekana kuyobhekana akuyubhekana okungeyubhekana kungeyubhekana
Class 17 kuyobhekana okuyobhekana kuyobhekana akuyubhekana okungeyubhekana kungeyubhekana
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngibhekane ngingabhekani
2nd singular ubhekane ungabhekani
1st plural sibhekane singabhekani
2nd plural nibhekane ningabhekani
Class 1 abhekane angabhekani
Class 2 babhekane bangabhekani
Class 3 ubhekane ungabhekani
Class 4 ibhekane ingabhekani
Class 5 libhekane lingabhekani
Class 6 abhekane angabhekani
Class 7 sibhekane singabhekani
Class 8 zibhekane zingabhekani
Class 9 ibhekane ingabhekani
Class 10 zibhekane zingabhekani
Class 11 lubhekane lungabhekani
Class 14 bubhekane bungabhekani
Class 15 kubhekane kungabhekani
Class 17 kubhekane kungabhekani
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngabhekana ngangabhekana, angabhekana, angangabhekana
2nd singular wabhekana wangabhekana, awabhekana, awangabhekana
1st plural sabhekana sangabhekana, asabhekana, asangabhekana
2nd plural nabhekana nangabhekana, anabhekana, anangabhekana
Class 1 wabhekana wangabhekana, akabhekana, akangabhekana
Class 2 babhekana bangabhekana, ababhekana, abangabhekana
Class 3 wabhekana wangabhekana, awabhekana, awangabhekana
Class 4 yabhekana yangabhekana, ayabhekana, ayangabhekana
Class 5 labhekana langabhekana, alabhekana, alangabhekana
Class 6 abhekana angabhekana, awabhekana, awangabhekana
Class 7 sabhekana sangabhekana, asabhekana, asangabhekana
Class 8 zabhekana zangabhekana, azabhekana, azangabhekana
Class 9 yabhekana yangabhekana, ayabhekana, ayangabhekana
Class 10 zabhekana zangabhekana, azabhekana, azangabhekana
Class 11 lwabhekana lwangabhekana, alwabhekana, alwangabhekana
Class 14 babhekana bangabhekana, ababhekana, abangabhekana
Class 15 kwabhekana kwangabhekana, akwabhekana, akwangabhekana
Class 17 kwabhekana kwangabhekana, akwabhekana, akwangabhekana

References[edit]