briedis

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Latvian[edit]

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 Briedis on Latvian Wikipedia

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Briedis

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *breid-, *bried-, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰreydʰ-, together with a variant *bʰrent-, both from the stem *bʰer ‎(to swell) (whence also briest ‎(to swell), q.v.). The meaning apparently changed as follows: “swollen, big” > “having a big, well-developed body” > “strong, imposing (animal).” At first this word apparently referred to elks, and only later to deer; the meaning “elk” is still found in folklore. Cognates include Lithuanian bríedis ‎(elk), Old Prussian braydis ‎(elk) (< *breidis), Sudovian brid ‎(deer), Messapic brénthon ‎(elk) (< *brénton). [1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

briedis m (2nd declension)

  1. deer, stag (especially Dama dama)
    brieža ragideer antlers
    brieža medībasdeer hunting
    briežu mātīte — female deer
    stalts kā briedis — tall, stately like a deer

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “briedis” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Lithuanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

briedis m

  1. elk (UK), moose (US), Alces alces