by-

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See also: by, BY, by., -by, .by, b'y, and

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English by ‎(town), of North Germanic origin, from Old Norse bȳr ‎(dwelling, town), from Proto-Germanic *būwiz ‎(dwelling), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰōw- ‎(to dwell). Cognate with Danish by ‎(town). More at bower.

Prefix[edit]

by-

  1. (usually non-productive) Prefix originally denoting a town or city
    bylaw

Etymology 2[edit]

Partly from a combining form of by ‎(by, near, around), and partly continuing Middle English bi-, by-, from Old English bī- ‎(by, near, around), from Proto-Germanic *bi ‎(near), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁epi ‎(on, by, near).

Prefix[edit]

by-

  1. Prefix denoting nearness or roundaboutness
    bystander, bypass
  2. Prefix meaning secondary, incidental, or parallel to
    by-product, byform, by-path