chinampa (plural chinampas)
- (historical, in ancient Mesoamerica) A floating island in a shallow lake bed, upon which crops were grown.
chinampa f (plural chinampas)
- (Mexico) Each of the artificial islands employed in the chinampa method of agriculture. Such islands were often built on wooden rafts during the pre-Columbian era.
As a whole, the chinampa method of agriculture is often termed sistema de chinampas or simply chinampas in Spanish, whereas chinampa specifically refers to the tracts of land.