choroba

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See also: chorobą

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *xvoroba. By surface analysis, chorý +‎ -oba.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

choroba f

  1. disease; sickness, illness (abnormal health condition)
    Synonym: nemoc

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • choroba in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • choroba in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • choroba in Internetová jazyková příručka

Masurian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish choroba. By surface analysis, chori +‎ -oba.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [xɔˈrɔba]
  • Syllabification: cho‧ro‧ba

Noun[edit]

choroba f

  1. (medicine) disease; sickness, illness (negative abnormal health condition)

Interjection[edit]

choroba

  1. (euphemistic, minced oath) dang it!

Further reading[edit]

  • Zofia Stamirowska (1987-2021), “choroba”, in Anna Basara, editor, Słownik gwar Ostródzkiego, Warmii i Mazur, volume 1, Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich Wydawnictwo Polskiej Akademii Nauk, →ISBN, page 305

Old Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *xvoroba. By surface analysis, chory +‎ -oba. First attested in 1454.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /xɔrɔba/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /xɔrɔba/

Noun[edit]

choroba f

  1. disease; sickness, illness (negative abnormal health condition)
    Synonym: chorość
    • 1454, Legenda o św. Aleksym[1], line 218:
      Ktoryle chorobą myal, nathemyescz szdrow ostal
      [Ktoryle chorobę miał, natemieści[e] zdrow ostał]

Related terms[edit]

adjectives
nouns
verbs

Descendants[edit]

  • Masurian: choroba
  • Polish: choroba
  • Silesian: choroba

References[edit]

Old Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *xvoroba. By surface analysis, chorý +‎ -oba. First attested in 1645.

Noun[edit]

choroba f

  1. disease; sickness, illness (negative abnormal health condition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Majtán, Milan et al., editors (1991–2008), “choroba”, in Historický slovník slovenského jazyka [Historical Dictionary of the Slovak Language] (in Slovak), volume 1–7 (A – Ž), Bratislava: VEDA, →OCLC

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish choroba. By surface analysis, chory +‎ -oba.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

choroba f (diminutive choróbka, augmentative choróbsko, related adjective chorobowy)

  1. (medicine) disease; sickness, illness (negative abnormal health condition)
    Synonyms: dolegliwość, franca, niedomaganie, przypadłość, rozstrój, schorzenie, syndrom, zespół
    Coordinate term: zdrowie
  2. (figuratively) disease (abnormal or harmful condition, as of society, people's attitudes, way of living etc.)
    Synonym: patologia
  3. (figuratively) disease; menace (someone seen as detrimental or negative)
    Synonyms: cholera, franca, szczeżuja

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

adjectives
nouns

Related terms[edit]

adjectives
nouns
verbs

Descendants[edit]

Trivia[edit]

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), choroba (noun) is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 64 times in scientific texts, 9 times in news, 16 times in essays, 14 times in fiction, and 5 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 108 times, making it the 579th most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[1]

Interjection[edit]

choroba

  1. (euphemistic, minced oath) dangit!
    Synonym: schorzenie

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990), “choroba (noun)”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków; Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 48

Further reading[edit]

  • choroba in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • choroba in Polish dictionaries at PWN
  • Maria Renata Mayenowa, Stanisław Rospond, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Hrabec, Władysław Kuraszkiewicz (2010-2023) “choroba”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish]‎[2]
  • “CHOROBA”, in Elektroniczny Słownik Języka Polskiego XVII i XVIII Wieku [Electronic Dictionary of the Polish Language of the XVII and XVIII Century]‎[3], 22.02.2019
  • Samuel Bogumił Linde (1807–1814), “choroba”, in Słownik języka polskiego
  • Aleksander Zdanowicz (1861), “choroba”, in Słownik języka polskiego, Wilno 1861
  • J. Karłowicz, A. Kryński, W. Niedźwiedzki, editors (1900), “choroba”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), volume 1, Warsaw, page 293

Silesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish choroba. By surface analysis, chory +‎ -oba.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /xɔˈrɔba/
  • Rhymes: -ɔba
  • Syllabification: cho‧ro‧ba

Noun[edit]

choroba f

  1. (medicine) disease; sickness, illness (negative abnormal health condition)
    Synonyms: niymoc, stynczka
    Coordinate term: zdrowie

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

adjectives
nouns

Related terms[edit]

adjectives
verbs

Further reading[edit]

Slovak[edit]

Slovak Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sk

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Slovak choroba, from Proto-Slavic *xvoroba. By surface analysis, chorý +‎ -oba.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

choroba f (genitive singular choroby, nominative plural choroby, genitive plural chorôb, declension pattern of žena)

  1. disease; sickness, illness (negative abnormal health condition)
    Synonym: nemoc

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • choroba”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024