- (Norse mythology) A member of the race of Dǫkkálfar, creatures who live underground.
- (fantasy) A member of a race of evil elves.
Some scholars think the term "dark elves" was, in Old Norse, a kenning for "dwarves".
- Thomas Bulfinch, Bulfinch's Mythology (1834; republished in 1970 by Harper & Row, ISBN 0-690-57260-3, page 348
- Mythology of All Races volume 2 : Eddic (1930, Marshall Jones Company), pages 220-221