disphenoid

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English[edit]

A disphenoid
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Etymology[edit]

From di- ‎(twice, double) +‎ sphenoid ‎(wedge-shaped crystal or bone of the skull).

Adjective[edit]

disphenoid ‎(not comparable)

  1. (mineralogy) Of or pertaining to a wedge-shaped crystal form of the tetragonal or orthorhombic system.
  2. (mineralogy) Of or pertaining to a crystal form bounded by eight scalene triangles arranged in pairs, constituting a tetragonal scalenohedron.

Noun[edit]

disphenoid ‎(plural disphenoids)

  1. (geometry) A non-regular tetrahedron whose four faces are congruent acute-angled triangles.
    • 1949, Edward Salisbury Dana, Minerals and How to Study Them, page 32,
      The mineral chalcopyrite commonly crystallizes in disphenoids that are very difficult to distinguish from tetrahedrons.
    • 1973, H. S. M. Coxeter, 3rd Edition, unnumbered page,
      To make a model of a disphenoid, cut out an acute angled triangle and fold it along the joins of the mid-points of the sides. The disphenoid is said to be rhombic or tetragonal according as the triangle is isosceles or scalene.
    • 1977, Elizabeth A. Wood, Crystals and Light: An Introduction to Optical Crystallography, 2nd Revised Edition, page 8,
      If you rotate the [tetragonal] disphenoid 90° around its 2-fold axis and then perform the operation of inversion through the center-point of the object, it will occupy its original position again.
    • 1993, Horst Martini, A Hierarchical Classification of Euclidean Polytopes with Regularity Properties, Tibor Bisztriczky, Peter McMullen, Rolf Schneider, Asia Ivic Weiss (editors), Polytopes: Abstract, Convex and Computational, Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, page 83,
      In addition it should be remarked that there are two types of disphenoids, with different symmetries: the tetragonal disphenoid (having isosceles facets) and the rhombic one.

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