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Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Old French dove, doue, from Latin doga, from Ancient Greek δοχή (dokhḗ), from Proto-Indo-European *doḱ-éh₂.

Cognate with Telugu తవ్వు (tavvu), Hindi दीवार (dīvār), Persian دیوار, Turkish duvar, Dutch duig (stake, piece).



douve f (plural douves)

  1. moat (defensive ditch)
  2. stave (of a barrel)

Etymology 2[edit]

Inherited from Middle French dauve, from Old French dolve, from Late Latin dolva, related to the name of a buttercup that grows in swamps, attested in the fifth century and possibly of Celtic origin.[1]


douve f (plural douves)

  1. fluke (parasitic flatworm)


  1. ^ The Classical Journal. (1948). United States: Classical Association of the Middle West and South, p. 516

Further reading[edit]

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


Inherited from Old English *dūfe.


  • IPA(key): /ˈduːv(ə)/, /ˈduː(ə)/, /ˈduːf(ə)/


douve (plural douves)

  1. A dove, pigeon, or similar bird.
    • c. 1395, John Wycliffe, John Purvey [et al.], transl., Bible (Wycliffite Bible (later version), MS Lich 10.)‎[1], published c. 1410, Matheu 10:16, page 4v, column 1; republished as Wycliffe's translation of the New Testament, Lichfield: Bill Endres, 2010:
      lo I ſende ȝou as ſcheep in þe myddil of wolues / þerfoꝛ be ȝe ſliȝ as ſerpentis .· and ſymple as dowues
      So I'm sending you out like sheep in amongst wolves, so be shrewd like snakes and harmless like doves.
  2. An affectionate term of familiarity.

Related terms[edit]


  • English: dove
  • Scots: doo, dow