Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈdʌl.sɪ.mɚ/
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈdʌl.sɪ.mə/
- Hyphenation: dul‧ci‧mer
dulcimer (plural dulcimers)
- (music) A stringed instrument, with strings stretched across a sounding board, usually trapezoidal. It's played on the lap or horizontally on a table. Some have their own legs. These musical instruments are played by plucking on the strings (traditionally with a quill) or by tapping on them (in the case of the hammer dulcimers).
- The two classes of dulcimer are the "Mountain" or "Appalachian" dulcimer (plucked and played with a quill, usually a goose quill) and the hammer dulcimer (played by tapping on the strings with small "hammers"). See also: zither
1797, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, “Kubla Khan”, in The Rime of the Ancient Mariner and Other Poems, Courier Dover Publications, ISBN 9780486272665, published 1992, page 59:
- A damsel with a dulcimer / In a vision once I saw: / It was an Abyssinian maid / And on her dulcimer she played, / Singing of Mount Abora.
1946 January 25, 1947, “Album Reviews: The Seven Joys of Mary—John: Jacob Niles (Disc 732)”, The Billboard, volume 59, number 4, Nielsen Business Media, ISSN 0006-2510, page 32:
- Accompanying himself with his dulcimer, a plectrum instrument of his own handicraft, Niles harks back to the balladeers of old.
- Appalachian dulcimer (fretted dulcimer, lap dulcimer, dulcimore, mountain dulcimer)
- bowed dulcimer
- dulcijo / banjo dulcimer
- electric dulcimer
- hammered dulcimer