Appendix:Glossary of chordophones

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This is a glossary of chordophones. It can include any stringed instrument, or any musical instrument that produces sound through one or more vibrating strings.

This glossary only includes the names of actual instruments. It does not include playing techniques, bows or plectrums, music genres or anything other than the names of instruments. It does not comprehensively include families or types of instruments -- only specific instruments -- but some families of instruments are listed because they are also used as the name of a specific instrument from within that family.

This appendix does not generally include translations, but in English writing foreign words are often used to describe instruments. Some instruments do not have a direct English translation. This appendix does cover such foreign words and any other non-English terminology that can be helpful to understand writing about music and musical instruments.

See also the glossary of musical instrument classification (organology).

Chordophones[edit]

acoustic bass guitar   [1]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A bass guitar meant to be played without electric amplification.


acoustic guitar   [2]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A hollow-body guitar of the older variety, in contradistinction to an electric guitar.


aeolian harp   [3]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
An open box over which strings are stretched that sound when the wind passes over them.


akonting   [4]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A folk lute of the Jola people of West Africa; a banjo-like instrument with a skin-headed gourd body, two long melody strings, and one short drone string.


angélique   [5]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A plucked necked bowl lute with two necks and most often sixteen strings, played in the manner of a harp, and popular in Baroque Europe.


Appalachian dulcimer   [6]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A diatonically fretted and neckless string instrument, most commonly with three or four strings; a chordophone of the zither family.


archlute   [7] [8]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A fretted and double-necked stringed musical instrument with a large body, double courses in the bass, and two sets of tuning pegs.


archtop   [9]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A style of large steel-stringed guitar having an arched belly, a neck at a slight angle to the body and a fretboard elevated above the soundboard.


armónico   [10]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A stringed instrument with seven strings in six courses and one string (the middle one) doubled; it is structurally a combination of a guitar and a tres.


arpeggione   [11]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A six-stringed musical instrument of the nineteenth century, fretted and tuned like a guitar but bowed like a cello, and held vertically between the knees.


autoharp   [12]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A 36-stringed instrument having a series of chord bars attached to dampers (muting bars) which mute all the strings other than those that form the desired chord.


baglama   [13]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A seven-stringed musical instrument in various cultures around the eastern Mediterranean, with a pear-shaped body, and strings in double or sometimes triple courses.
  • Synonym: bağlama, saz
  • Note: Though saz is often used as a synonym for the baglama, it more precisely refers to any of a family of long-necked lutes (of which the baglama is one type) common throughout the Middle-East and nearby regions. See saz in this glossary for more.
  • Types: cura (smallest), elektro-baglama (an electric version)


baglamas   [14]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A plucked stringed instrument, a long-necked bowl lute, played in Greek music and often made of improvised materials; it is a high-pitched and small bouzouki with one string in an octave pair on the lower D and unison pairs on the four highest strings.


bajo quinto   [15][16]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A stringed instrument of Mexican origin, with ten thick strings in five double-courses, a short neck and a deep soundboard; a type of acoustic bass guitar bajo sexto without the bass strings of a typical bajo sexto.


bajo sexto   [17][18]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A stringed instrument of Mexican origin, with twelve thick strings in six double-courses, with a short neck and a deep soundboard; a type of acoustic bass guitar.


balalaika   [19]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A plucked stringed instrument with a triangular body, short neck and three strings, of Russian origin.


bandola   [20]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A plucked pear-shaped stringed instrument with a small body, originating in Colombia and Venezuela.


bandore     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
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bandoura     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
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bandura   [21]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A Ukrainian plucked stringed instrument with a tear-shaped body, like an asymmetrical lute or a vertical zither, played with both hands while held upright on the lap.


bandurria   [22]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A plectrum-plucked stringed instrument with a flat-backed pear-shaped body, with twelve strings in six courses in its most common modern form, originating in Spain.
  • Also refers to a 14-string instrument of Filipino origin (evolving from a precursor to the modern Spanish bandurria).
  • Also refers to several four-course bandurrias from South America, especially common in Peru and Bolivia.
  • Also a synonym for the bandola andina, a variety of bandola from the Andes region of Venezuela.
  • Synonyms: mandurria (Balearic Islands)


banhu   [23]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A two-stringed bowed instrument of northern Chinese origin, held vertically, possessing a soundbox made of coconut shell and a front surface covered with a thin layer of wood.


banjo   [24]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A stringed musical instrument with a round body, a membrane-like soundboard and a fretted neck, played by plucking or strumming the strings.


banjo dulcimer   [25]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An Appalachian dulcimer that has been modified with the addition of a vibrating membrane like the body of a banjo.


banjo-mandolin     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A four-stringed instrument with the body of a mandolin and the neck of a banjo.


banjo uke     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
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banjo ukelele     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
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banjolele   [26]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A four-stringed musical instrument with a small membrane-covered body like a banjo, with a neck fretted like a ukulele.


banjolin     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A musical instrument, most often with four strings, resembling a small banjo but tuned like a mandolin.


barbat   [27]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An ancient Persian plucked lute with a pear-shaped body, a flat belly, an angled back near the pegbox, and a fretless neck.


baritone guitar   [28]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of large-bodied and long-necked guitar that plays in a baritone range.


Baroque guitar   [29]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An archaic form of guitar with five strings, originating in the Baroque era, played by either strumming or plucking, and characterized by the use of re-entrant tuning.


baryton   [30]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A viol-like stringed instrument (chordophone) mainly played with a bow but with a set of plucked strings as well, originating in European music prior to the 1800s.


bass guitar   [31]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A long-necked and solid-bodied stringed instrument (chordophone), tuned to produce bass or low notes, usually with a fretted fingerboard and four thick strings, and requiring the use of an amplifier.


bass fiddle     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
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bass viol     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
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bass violin     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
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begena   [32]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of lyre with a rectangular soundbox and ten strings, played with a plectrum, of Ethiopian and Eritrean origin.


berde   [33]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A stringed instrument (chordophone) of Bosnian origin, a large guitar-shaped instrument that is played upright, using a plectrum.


bipa   [34]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A pear-shaped lute with five strings, of Korean origin.


biwa   [35][36]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A plucked lute, originating in the classical and traditional music of Japan, characterized by a pear-shaped body and four or five high frets, giving the instrument a distinctively twangy tone.


bordonua   [37] [38]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A large stringed instrument of Puerto Rican origin, a low-pitched version of the guitar-like cuatro.


bouzouki   [39]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A Greek long-necked plucked fretted lute having a sharp, metallic sound, with a curved soundbox, six strings in double courses and a very long neck.


bow     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
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  • Synonym of: musical bow
  • Note: also a long object used to play certain stringed instruments, such as a violin.
  • Performer: bower


bowed psaltery   [40]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A psaltery adapted to be played with a bow instead of with plucking, with a triangular shape and a hole (rose) in the center of the soundboard.


bowed dulcimer     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A style of Appalachian dulcimer played with a bow and held upright like a cello.


bugarija   [41]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A stringed instrument of Bosnian origin, a type of lute with circular soundholes, a long neck and most often four strings.


bull fiddle     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
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buzuq   [42]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A mandolin-shaped lute of Arab origin, with a long neck, movable frets and two or three strings played with a plectrum.


cavaquinho   [43]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A small guitar-string instrument of Brazilian origin, with four wire or gut strings, played with a plectrum.


cello   [44]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A large stringed instrument of the violin family with four strings, tuned from lowest to highest C-G-D-A, and played with a bow, also possessing an endpin to support the instrument's weight.


çeng   [45]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A kind of wooden angle harp used in traditional Turkish music, originating in the Ottoman Empire.


çeng santuru   [46]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A stringed instrument that combines the çeng with the santur, of Turkish origin.


ceterone   [47]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A large cittern distinguished by the use of wire strings, and the presence of extra bass strings.


chanzy   [48]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A three-stringed plucked lute of Tuvan origin, like a long-necked banjo with a skin head over a heart or kidney-shaped body.


charango   [49]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A small guitar-like stringed instrument with five courses of eighteen to fifteen strings, originating in traditional Andean folk music.


charangon     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of large stringed instrument of the charango family, with a characteristically low pitch, originating in the traditional music of the Andean area.


chillador   [50]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A small fretted guitar-like stringed instrument of Peruvian origin, part of the charango family, usually with ten to fourteen strings in five courses.


chitarra battente   [51]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A large guitar-like stringed instrument with metal frets, a curved back and four or five pairs of strings in double courses, which pass over or through the bridge, originating in rural Italian folk music.


chitarra Italiana     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
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chitarrone     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
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chuniri   [52]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A bowed viol-like string instrument (a spike fiddle) with three strings, originating in the folk traditions of Georgia.


cigar box guitar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A simple guitar-like string instrument that uses a cigar box as a resonator, and traditionally with a broomstick for a neck.


cittern   [53]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A stringed instrument (chordophone), played with a plectrum, and most commonly possessing four wire strings and chromatic frets.


cizhonghu     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
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classical guitar   [54]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of flat-tabled guitar of Spanish origin used primarily for Western classical music, flamenco, and Latin American music, with six nylon (formerly gut) strings, usually played with the fingers rather than with a plectrum.


cobza   [55]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A lute-like stringed instrument (chordophone), with four strings in double courses, played with a plectrum, and most associated with the traditional music of Romania.


concha   [56]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A family of three guitars, traditionally made from an armadillo shell or gourd for a body, and best-known as part of the Concheros tradition of Mexico.


console steel guitar   [57]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of large electric lap steel guitar, usually with two necks and seven or eight strings.


contraguitar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An old form of guitar originating in Vienna, with a standard six-string neck and a second bass neck with up to nine strings.


contrabass     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
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crwth   [58]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An archaic stringed instrument associated particularly with Wales, though once played widely in Europe, and characterized by a vaulted back and enough space for the player to stop each of the six strings on the fingerboard.


cuatro     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
At least two different stringed instruments: the Venezuelan cuatro, which has a ukulele-like shape with four strings; the Puerto Rican cuatro has a violin-like shape and most commonly ten strings in five courses.


cümbüş     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A modern Turkish stringed instrument similar to an oud.


dahu     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A large bowed two-stringed chordophone of Chinese origin, a tenor part of the erhu family of instruments.


dan bau     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A monochord (one-stringed) zither-like stringed instrument (chordophone) of Vietnamese origin, played by plucking with a plectrum with one hand and using the other to vary the tension on the string to adjust the pitch.


dan day     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of lute with three strings, a hollow trapezoidal wooden body with an open back, and a very long neck, originating in traditional Vietnamese music (particularly ca trù).


đàn gáo     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A traditional Vietnamese bowed string instrument with two strings and a coconut shell resonator.


dan nguyet     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A moon-shaped kind of lute, a plucked, fretted lute with a round body and two strings, originating in traditional Vietnamese music.


dan nhi     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A vertical bowed fiddle-like string instrument with two strings, originating in the traditional and classical music of Vietnam.


dan tranh   [59]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A small plucked zither-like string instrument of Vietnamese origin.


dan ty ba   [60]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A plucked four-stringed chordophone with a long neck and a pear-shaped body, originating in the traditional music of Vietnam.


dangubica     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A one or two-stringed instrument with a slab of flat wood as a body, originating in Serbian and Croatian traditional music.


daruan     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A bass lute-like four-stringed chordophone of the ruan family of Chinese traditional instruments.


diddley bow   [61]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A one-stringed instrument (monochord) that consists of a wire string attached to something solid like the side of a house, and played with a piece of metal or glass, originating in the African American traditional music of Mississippi in the United States.


division viol     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A type of bass viol with the ability to be tuned in a very broad range, originating in the performance of divisions (florid instrumental variation of a melody) in 17th century English.


diyingehu     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A four-stringed Chinese bass chordophone, played with a bow, a type of gehu, and part of the huqin family of traditional Chinese instruments.


dobro     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
An acoustic guitar with a metal resonator; a type of resonator guitar.


doghouse bass     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
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dombra     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A long-necked lute found in parts of Asia and Eastern Europe.


domra     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A round-bodied lute of Russian origin, with either three or four strings.


doshpuluur   [62]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A long-necked plucked lute with two or three strings, of Tuvan origin, characterized by a skin-head on both sides of the square wooden body.


dotara     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A South Asian instrument resembling a mandolin.


double bass     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
The largest stringed instrument of the violin family.


dramyin     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A traditional lute used in the Himalayan region.


Dreadnought     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A kind of large-bodied acoustic guitar.


dulcijo   [63]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of three-stringed clawhammer banjo that is tuned diatonically, like a dulcimer, with a shortened third string and a drum resonator.


dulcimer     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A stringed instrument, with strings stretched across a sounding board, usually trapezoidal.


dutar   [64]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A two stringed lute with a long neck, found in Iran and Central Asia.


duxianqin     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A Chinese plucked string instrument, with only one string.


eight-string guitar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A kind of guitar with eight strings.


electric bass     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
An electric bass guitar having four strings and being larger than a normal electric guitar. It has a lower pitch and is often used as a back up beat for the lead guitar.


electric cello     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A cello modified to be played either electrically or acoustically, usually possessing five strings.


electric dulcimer     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A dulcimer that uses electronic amplification to produce sufficient sound.


electric guitar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A guitar which requires electronic amplification to produce sufficient sound.


electric harp   [65]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of harp with a solid body and electric pickups on each string, in order to amplify the instrument's sound.


electric sitar   [66]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of electric guitar that mimics a sitar while being loud enough to be used in rock and pop music; it is characterized by an asymmetric body, the use of a large, flat bridge and sympathetic strings.


electric violin     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A violin that uses electronic amplification to produce sufficient sound.


erhu   [67]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of bowed spike fiddle having two strings, originating in China as part of the huqin family of string instruments.


erxian     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A two-stringed lute-like musical instrument of Chinese origin (chiefly Cantonese music), played with a bow.


esraj     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A bowed string instrument of Indian origin, with a goatskin soundboard sympathetic strings attached to a sitar-like neck and twenty frets.


fiddle     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
Any of various bowed string instruments, often used to refer to a violin when played in any of various traditional styles, as opposed to classical violin.


flamenco guitar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of acoustic guitar with reduced internal bracing and thinner tops. It is used mainly in the performance of toques, the guitar part of flamenco music.


flattop   [68]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of stringed instrument, most often an acoustic guitar, with a flat top (as opposed to an archtop), with strings held in place with pins, and with a complex system of bracing struts on the top.


gadulka     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A traditional Bulgarian stringed instrument, played with a bow, and most commonly featuring three main strings and up to sixteen sympathetic strings.


gayageum     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A zither-like chordophone, most often with twelve strings, originating in the traditional music of Korea.


gaohu     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A two-stringed vertical fiddle used as a leading instrument in Cantonese music.


gehu     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A modern Chinese instrument that fuses the Western cello with a more traditional huqin-like design, with four strings tuned like a cello.


geomungo     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A zither-like string instrument of ancient Korean origin, with movable bridges and frets, played by plucking with a stick.


German lute     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
_


ghaychak     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
Two different lute-like instruments
  • a double-chambered bowl lute used by the Iranian and Baloch people, with three or four strings and a short neck without frets.
  • a spike lute used in Afghanistan and throughout Central Asia, often featuring a tin can for a soundbox.
  • Synonym: ghijak


gittern     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A small, quill-plucked, gut-strung musical instrument, most commonly with three to four strings in doubles courses; it is a flat-backed predecessor of the guitar, and it originated around the 13th century, coming to Europe via Moorish Spain.


goje     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A fiddle-like stringed instrument with one or two strings, and a resonator made from a gourd or calabash, originating among the Hausa of West Africa.


gudok     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A musical instrument, a chordophone, most often neckless and with three strings, played in the lap and with a bow, of ancient Slavic origin.


guitar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A stringed musical instrument, of European origin, usually with a fretted fingerboard and six strings, played with the fingers or a plectrum (guitar pick).


guitarra de golpe   [69]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A small, deep guitar-like stringed instrument, with five strings in single courses and a double-curved headstock (a stylized owl shape), originating in Mexican mariachi.


guitarro   [70]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A small guitar-shaped string instrument, most commonly with five strings in single courses but sometimes with double pairs in the middle courses, of Spanish origin.


guitarrón     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
At least four similar musical instruments share this name.


guitjo     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A banjo-like string instrument, with fourteen strings in seven courses, tuned like a guitar and with a guitar-like neck.


guqin   [71]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A plucked zither-like stringed instrument (chordophone), traditionally featuring seven unfretted strings, originating in ancient China.


gusle   [72]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A single-stringed lute-like stringed instrument with a bowl-shaped body, held vertically in the lap and played a bow, originating among the Slavic peoples in the Balkans, especially in the Dinarides region.


gusli     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A plucked psaltery-like string instrument, usually played on the lap and sometimes created with table legs so that the musician can play it seated next to the instrument, originating in ancient Russian music.


guzheng     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A zither-like stringed instrument with at least eighteen strings and moveable bridges, played with a plectrum, originating in the traditional music of China.


haegeum     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A musical instrument (chordophone) with a hollow soundbox, two strings made from silk, and a rod-like neck, of traditional Korean origin.


hammered dulcimer     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A type of dulcimer whose metal strings are stretched over a trapezoidal sounding board that has two bridges, one bass and one treble, set on a stand and played with small mallet-like hammers.


Hardanger fiddle     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of fiddle typical of Norwegian folk music, characterized by thinner wood than a standard fiddle and the use of either eight or nine strings, four to five of which are sympathetic.


harp   [73]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A musical instrument consisting of a body and a curved neck, strung with strings of varying length that are stroked or plucked with the fingers and are vertical to the soundboard when viewed from the end of the body


harp guitar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
Any of several designs of guitars with at least one unstopped string that can be plucked, like that of a harp.


harp-sympitar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.


harpsichord   [74]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A musical instrument that produces sound by plucking the strings with a plectrum through a mechanical process when the performer presses on a key on a piano-like keyboard, originating in Middle Ages Europe.


hatun charango     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A small stringed instrument, a member of the charango family, with seven or eight strings in seven courses, played by plucking, originating in modern Peru.


huapanguera     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A large and short-necked string instrument that most commonly plays in the bass range, with eight strings in five courses, of Mexican origin.


huluhu     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A two stringed instrument of Chinese origin, part of the huqin family of instruments, and played with a bow; it is associated mainly with the Zhuang people of Guangxi.


hurdy-gurdy     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A medieval stringed instrument which has a droning sound. One hand turns a handle connected to a wheel which vibrates the strings, while the other hand plays a keyboard to alter the pitch.


igil     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A string instrument with a teardrop-shaped body and two strings, played with a bow, originating in Tuvan folk music.


ikil     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A string instrument, a type of spike fiddle, with a trapezoidal box-shaped body, originating in Mongolian folk music.


Irish bouzouki   [75]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A bouzouki adapted for use in Irish traditional music with a short neck, and a flat back and sides.


jamisen     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An archaic stringed instrument of Japanese origin, traditionally made from snakeskin and characteristic of the Ryukyu islands; it is the ancestor of the shamisen


jarana     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A small five-stringed guitar-like string instrument of Mexican origin.


jarana jarocho     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A guitar-like instrument with eight strings in five courses, originating in Veracruz, Mexico.


jarana huasteca     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
_


jinghu     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A bowed two-stringed instrument, the smallest and highest-pitched in the huqin family of traditional Chinese instruments, associated mainly with the tradition of Beijing opera.


kabosy   [76]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A wooden box-shaped guitar-like stringed instrument, used in Malagasy music and characterized by the use of partial frets.


kacapi     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A box zither with an open bottom, played by plucking, originating in traditional Sundanese music, especially tembang sunda and pantun sunda.


kamancheh     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A long-necked stringed instrument (a spike fiddle) with a bowl-shaped body, traditionally featuring three silk strings but now more often four metal ones, played with a bow, common among the peoples of the Caucasus, Anatolia and the Near East.


kankara sanshin     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A three-stringed plucked instrument used in Japanese folk music, originally an improvised derivative of the sanshin made using discarded metal cans.


kannel     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An Estonian zither-like instrument.


kantele   [77]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A plucked string instrument (a zither) of the {{w:Baltic psaltery|Baltic psaltery}} family, traditionally with five strings but now more widely varying, originating in the folk music of Finland, where it is seen as a national symbol.


kanon     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
_
  • Synonym of: qanun (if used in the context of Armenian music)
  • Synonym of: monochord (if used in the context of ancient Greek music)


kanun     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
_


kemane     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A violin-like string instrument of Macedonian origin, most often with three stringed and played with a bow; it is a type of kemenche.


kemenche     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
Any of various bowed stringed instruments characteristic to the Eastern Mediterranean.


khonkhota     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A stringed instrument of Bolivian origin, with eight strings in five courses.


kit violin   [78]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A very small long-necked violin, which came in a variety of shapes and configurations, meant to be carried in a pocket and intended for instructors (dancing masters) to carry to accompany their students.


kobyz   [79]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A stringed instrument traditionally made of a single piece of wood, with either two or four strings and played with a bow, of traditional Kazakh origin.


kobza     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A lute-like stringed instrument traditionally made from a single block of wood, with a medium-length neck, originating in Ukrainian folk music.


kokyū     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A lute-like string instrument with three or four strings, played upright with a bow, of traditional Japanese origin.


komungo     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
_


konghou     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A plucked stringed instrument (chordophone) with a harp-like construction, originating in ancient Chinese music as a horizantal instrument but now made to be played vertically, and with strings that are double to allow for techniques like vibrato.


kontigi     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A boat-shaped lute-like string instrument with one or two strings, originating among the Hausa people of West Africa.


kontra     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A large instrument, similar to a viola but with three strings and a flat bridge, originating in the traditional music of Transylvania.


kobza     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A lute-like stringed instrument traditionally made from a single block of wood, with a medium-length neck, originating in Ukrainian folk music.


komuz     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A stringed instrument (chordophone) played by plucking, with three strings and no frets, used throughout Central Asia but especially important as a national symbol of the Kyrgyz people.


kora     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of harp played in West Africa.


koto     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A Japanese stringed instrument having numerous strings, usually seven or thirteen, that are stretched over a convex wooden sounding board and are plucked with three plectra, worn on the thumb, index finger, and middle finger of one hand.


krachap pi     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A plucked, fretted lute of Thai origin.


krar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A five-stringed, bowl-shaped lyre of Eritrea and Ethiopia.


kutiyapi     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A Filipino fretted two-stringed boat lute.


lap steel guitar   [80]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of steel guitar held in the lap, usually with six strings and a square neck.


laouto   [81]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A fretted instrument with a round back, moveable frets, and a long neck, used in Greek and Cypriot music.


laruan     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A modern Chinese instrument that combines the traditional ruan with the Western cello.


laúd     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A cittern-like instrument of Spanish origin, with six double courses in unison, played with a plectrum.


leiqin     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A bowed instrument of Chinese origin, evolving from the zhuihu.


leona     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A fretted four-stringed low-pitched instrument, originating in the Mexican state of Veracruz.


lirone     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A fretted and bowed archaic string instrument with between nine and sixteen strings.


liuqin     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A four-stringed instrument, similar to a mandolin, with a pear-like shape, used in Chinese music.


lute     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A fretted stringed instrument, similar to a guitar, having a bowl-shaped body or soundbox.


lute guitar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A stringed instrument that combines a normal guitar six-string layout over a lute-like bowl-shaped body, originating in German folk traditions.


lyra viol     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A type of English bass viol.


lyre     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An ancient instrument played with a plectrum, a yoke lute with a widely varying number of strings.


machete     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A four-stringed instrument of Portuguese origin.


machete de rajão     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
_


maguhu     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A bowed string instrument of the huqin family.


mandocello     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A plucked string instrument with eight strings in four double courses.


mandola     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A fretted stringed musical instrument resembling the mandolin, but of larger size and tuned lower.


mandolin     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A stringed instrument and a member of the lute family, having eight strings in four courses, frequently tuned as a violin, and with either a bowl-shaped back or a flat back.


mandolin-banjo   [82]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A hybrid string instrument (chordophone), combining the membrane-soundboard body of a banjo and the neck of a mandolin or violin.


mandolina   [83]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of kabosy (a box-shaped guitar-like instrument) originating in southern Madagascar, characterized by the use of moveable frets only in the upper part of the neck.


mandolone     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A stringed instrument of the mandolin family, playing in the bass range.


mandolute     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A North African variant on the oud, with ten strings in five courses.


mandora     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of bass string instrument.


mandore     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An archaic lute with a teardrop shape.


manguerito     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A modern type of small charango meant to be fit in one's sleeves.


marovany     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A box zither of Malagasy origin.


mejoranera     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A folk five-stringed instrument of Panamanian origin.
  • Performer: mejoranero (masculine), mejoranera (feminine)
  • Notes: The word mejorana is used mainly for the genre of music produced by the mejoranera in a certain kind of Panamanian ensemble, but mejorana is also used sometimes for the name of the stringed instrument in question.


Mexican vihuela     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A five-stringed instrument of Mexican origin, characteristic of mariachi music.
  • The Mexican vihuela has little relation to the Spanish instrument simply called the vihuela.
  • Performer: vihuelist


mohan veena     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
Two different instruments of Indian origin: a type of Hawaiian guitar; a modified sarod.


monochord     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A musical instrument for experimenting with the mathematical relations of musical sounds, consisting of a single string stretched between two bridges, one or both of which can be moved, and which stand upon a graduated rule for the purpose of changing and measuring the length of the part of the string between them.
  • Note: Also used more generally to describe any one-stringed instrument.


morin khuur     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A traditional Mongolian bowed stringed instrument, made from a trapezoidal sound box with two strings.


musical bow     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A simple musical instrument consisting of a string supported by a flexible wooden bearer.


nyatiti     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A traditional type of lyre with eight strings, used by the Luo people of Kenya.


nyckelharpa   [84]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A string instrument (chordophone) with a long body and a boat-shaped soundbox, with keys attached to tangents that act like frets when the keys are depressed, and most commonly featuring chromatic and sympathetic strings in modern instruments, originating in the traditional music of Sweden.


nylon-string guitar   [85]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A guitar strung with nylon strings and with a neck that joins the body at the twelfth rather than the fourteenth fret, as in a typical guitar.


octavina     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A Filpino instrument similar to a laúd.


octobass     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A very large double bass requiring two musicians, one to finger and one to bow.


octophone     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A modern stringed instrument intended to be able play the tone combinations of the tenor guitar, tenor banjo, ukulele, taro patch, tiple, mandolin, mandola and mandocello.


oud   [86]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A short-necked and fretless plucked stringed instrument of the lute family, of Arab and Turkish origin.


pandore     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
_


pandura   [87]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An Ancient Greek stringed instrument, a kind of lute with three strings that were stopped with a fingerboard to alter the tone, and with either a mandolin- or banjo-like shape.


pardessus de viole   [88]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A bowed stringed instrument with a fretted neck and five or six strings, the highest pitched member of the viol family.


parlor guitar   [89]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A kind of small acoustic guitar, originally meant to be played (often by women) in the parlor of a Victorian-era home; more modern models are still used today, commonly in folk music.


pedal steel guitar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
The elements of an electric steel guitar, mounted horizontally on a stand and played by a standing musician, using a combination of a steel bar and pedals to vary the pitch of the instrument.


piano     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A keyboard musical instrument, usually ranging over seven octaves, with white and black keys, played by pressing these keys, causing hammers to strike strings.


pipa     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A pear-shaped plucked lute from China.


Portuguese guitar   [90]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A plucked guitar with a pear-shaped body and round soundholes, with twelve strings in six double courses, associated most prominently with Portuguese music, especially fado.


psalmodicon   [91]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A simple zither-like single-stringed chordophone (stringed instrument), played with a bow, of Scandinavian origin.


psaltery     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A zither-like musical instrument consisting of a soundboard with multiple strings, played by plucking the strings with the fingers or a plectrum.


qanbūs     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A short-necked fretless lute of Yemeni origin.


qanun     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A Near Eastern and Caucasian musical instrument having either 26 strings and a single bridge, or twice that number and two bridges.


qin     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
Any of several traditional Chinese musical instruments, most commonly the seven-stringed instrument more specifically called the guqin.


qinqin     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A plucked lute used in traditional Chinese music.


quintern     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of four-stringed gittern, originating in Germany.


rajão     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A stringed instrument of Portuguese origin, with five or six strings in five courses.


ramkie     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
An improvised guitar-like string instrument made from a discarded oil can, with or without frets, most commonly with three or four strings made from either fishing line or a bicycle brake wire, originating in the folk music of Southern Africa.


rebab     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A stringed musical instrument, related to the lute, used especially in Islamic countries.


rebec     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An early three-stringed instrument, somewhat like a simple violin.


requinto jarocho     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A four or five-stringed instrument played with a special pick, originating in Veracruz, Mexico.


resonator dulcimer     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An Appalachian dulcimer with a metal cone resonator in the body.


resonator guitar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An acoustic guitar with a resonator to amplify the sound.


riwana     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A fretless lute played in Himachal Pradesh.


romantic guitar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An archaic kind of early guitar, from the classical and romantic eras, with six single strings and a long, fretted neck.


rote     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A kind of guitar, the notes of which were produced by a small wheel or wheel-like arrangement; an instrument similar to the hurdy-gurdy.


ruan     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A Chinese plucked string instrument with a fretted neck.


rubab     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A traditional Central Asian lute-like musical instrument.


rud     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A Persian stringed instrument.


Russian guitar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A kind of acoustic guitar with seven strings, of Russian origin.


sallaneh     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A modern lute of Iranian origin.


sanshin     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A ancient traditional three-stringed instrument of Okinawan origin.


sanxian     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A three-stringed fretless Chinese instrument.


sarangi     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A bowed string instrument used in the Hindustani classical music of North India.


saraswati veena     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A plucked string instrument of South Asian origin.


šargija     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A plucked and fretted lute, used in the Balkan musical traditions.


sarinda   [92]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A type of stringed instrument featuring anywhere from three to thirty strings and a hollow soundbox partially covered with an animal skin, played vertically with a bow, originating in the traditional music of India and Nepal.


sarod     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A lute-like instrument widely used in Indian classical music.


saung     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An arched harp used in Burmese traditional music.


saw sam sai     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A three-stringed bowed string instrument of Thai origin.


saz     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of long-necked lute, common in many forms in the Middle-East, Southeastern Europe, the Caucasus and Southwest Asia.


Selmer guitar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A kind of acoustic guitar of French origin, used in the early to mid-20th century.


seven-string guitar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A variant on the modern guitar, with an additional string, most commonly tuned to provide additional bass range.


setar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of Persian folk lute.


shahrud     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of Persian short-necked lute.


shamisen     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A kind of three-stringed Japanese fretless lute.


shurangiz     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of modern, fretted lute of Persian origin.


sihu     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A four-stringed bowed instrument of Chinese origin.


sistil     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A Latin musical instrument with twelve strings in six courses.


sitar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A Hindustani/Indian classical stringed instrument, typically having a gourd as its resonating chamber.


stand-up bass     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
_


steel guitar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of guitar played horizontally, of Hawaiian origin.


string bass     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
_


Stroh violin     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A violin that amplifies its sound through an attached metal resonator.


strumbola     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A stringed instrument with four courses of two or strings each.


sueng     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A plucked fretted lute of northern Thai origin.


surbahar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A plucked string instrument of North Indian origin.


suroz     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A stringed instrument with a long neck, played vertically and with a bow, especially identified with the Baloch people.


sursingar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A large and deep sarod-like instrument.


sympitar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A stringed instrument similar to a guitar with sympathetic strings like a sitar.


table steel guitar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of electric guitar and steel guitar where the fretboard is mounted on a table, which has no resonator body.


tambura     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An etymologically complex web of words referring to various stringed musical instruments occurring from Southeastern Europe through the Middle East to South Asia.
  • Iranian tanbur (Kurdish tanbur), used in Yarsan rituals
  • Turkish tambur, instrument played in Turkey
  • yaylı tambur, also played in Turkey
  • tanpura, a drone instrument played in India
  • tambura, played in Balkan peninsula
  • tamburica, any member of a family of long-necked lutes popular in Eastern and Central Europe
  • tambouras, played in Greece
  • tanbūra, a lyre played in East Africa and the Middle East
  • Synonym: tamboura


tamburitza     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
Any of a number of different types of long-necked lutes found in the Balkans.


tanbur     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
In Classical Turkish music, a long-necked, fretted, plucked lute. Also, various lutes of West and Central Asia.


tanpura     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A long-necked lute of Indian origin.


tar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A long-necked and waisted instrument found in Iran and neighboring countries.


taro-patch fiddle     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A five-stringed instrument originating in the traditional music of Hawaii.


tea chest bass     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A washtub bass that uses a tea chest as the resonator for an upright stringed bass guitar.


tenor banjo     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of small banjo-like stringed instrument with a short neck, usually with 17 or 19 frets and four strings, and played with a plectrum, originating in American jazz music.


tenor guitar   [93]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of small guitar-like stringed instrument with four strings, usually with four strings and a normal guitar-shaped body, originating in American jazz music.


theorbo     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A plucked stringed instrument similar to the lute.


timple     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A plucked five-stringed instrument, originating in the Canary Islands.


tiorbino     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of small theorbo.


tiple   [94] [95]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
Any of several kinds of small, plucked stringed instruments of the guitar family, used in the traditional musics of Spain and various Latin American nations.
  • Performer: tiplista
  • American tiple: A ukulele-like instrument based on the Colombian tiple.
  • Argentinian tiple: The word tiple in Argentina refers to the type of guitar known in English as the requinto.
  • Colombian tiple: A plucked stringed instrument with twelve strings in four courses, and a national symbol of Colombian culture.
  • Cuban tiple: A stringed instrument with five strings in double courses.
  • Dominican tiple: A melodic stringed instrument with ten steel strings in five double courses; it is called in Spanish a tiple de Santo Domingo, tiplecito, guitarrito or a tiplet.
  • Minorcan tiple: A small guitar more widely known as the guitarro.
  • Puerto Rican tiple: The smallest instrument in the jibaro trio, most often with four or five strings and a distinctively angled upper body.
  • Peruvian tiple: A stringed instrument four strings, which can be either singular or doubled.
  • Uruguayan tiple: The word tiple in Uruguay refers to the type of guitar known in English as the requinto.
  • Venezuelan tiple: An instrument similar to the Colombian tiple, with pairs of triple strings; it is also called a guitarro segundo or segunda guitarra in Spanish.
  • Venezuelan tiple: A second Venezuelan instrument called a tiple, this one part of the cuatro family, and featuring five strings.


tiqin     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
Any of several types of small bowed instruments, part of the huqin family of traditional Chinese instruments.


topshur     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A two-stringed lute of Mongolian origin.


torban     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A Ukrainian instrument that combines the lute with a psaltery.


tres     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A three-course stringed instrument similar to a guitar; the Cuban variant has six strings, and the Puerto Rican has nine.


tricordia     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A twelve-stringed variant on the mandolin.


triple contrabass viol     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A stringed instrument of the viol family, a variant of the octobass distinguished by its extreme size -- at more than ten feet all, it must be performed by a person on a platform.


tro   [96]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A fiddle-like stringed instrument held in the lap, usually with two strings played with a bow, originating in the traditional music of Cambodia.


tromba marina   [97]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A Middle Ages European string instrument with a long, slender and triangular-shaped body, featuring one main string and sometimes additional sympathetic strings, known for an extremely loud sound making it useful for signalling between ships, and for a distinctive ethereal tone (harmonic overtones) created by the player fingering the string at precise intervals below the point where the string is to be bowed, rather than above as most similar instruments.


trumpet marine     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
Synonym for tromba marina


twelve-stringed guitar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A guitar with twelve strings in six courses.


ukulele     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A small four-stringed guitar.


upright bass     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
_


valiha     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A tube zither of Malagasy origin.


veena     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A plucked stringed instrument used mostly in Carnatic Indian classical music.


vertical viola     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A stringed instrument like a viola that is played upright like a cello.


vielle     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An archaic string instrument of European origin, like a long violin.


vihuela     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A guitar-like instrument with six doubled strings, of Spanish origin.


viol   [98]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A stringed instruments related to the violin family, but held in the lap between the legs like a cello, usually with C-holes, a flat back, a fretted neck and six strings, played with an underhanded bow.


viola     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A stringed instrument of the violin family, somewhat larger than a violin, played under the chin, and having a deeper tone.


viola     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A 10-string steel-string acoustic guitar, used in Brazilian folk music.


viola bastarda     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A virtuosic playing style and a viol modified to accomodate it.


viola caipira     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A guitar with ten strings in five courses, of Portuguese origin.


viola d'amore     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A 6-7 string instrument that uses sympathetic strings, played with a bow.


viola da gamba   [99]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
Synonym of: viol


viola pomposa     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An archaic five-stringed instrument.


violin     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A musical four-string instrument, generally played with a bow or by plucking the string.


violoncello     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A large stringed instrument of the violin family, but smaller than the double bass.


violone     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
Any of several large, bowed instruments in the violin family.


violotta     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A tenor viola or violin.


walaychu     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of small fretted stringed instrument, the smallest member of the charango family.


waldzither     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of cittern of German origin, with nine strings in five courses.


washtub bass     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A bass stringed instrument that uses a washtub basin as a resonator.


wind harp     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
Synonym for aeolian harp


xiaodihu     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
_


xiqin     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A bowed string instrument of Chinese origin, part of the huqin family.


yazh   [100]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A fretless harp of ancient Tamil origin, with a variable number of gut strings, characterized by a boat-shaped resonator.


yaylı tambur     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A bowed lute with a long neck, of Turkish origin.


yehu     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A bowed string instrument in the huqin family of traditional Chinese instruments.


yueqin     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A small short-necked Chinese lute-like stringed instrument (chordophone) with a round, hollow wooden body and four strings in pairs in its traditional form, now more often with three or four unpaired strings.


zhonghu     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A large low-pitched lute-like string instrument (chordophone) similar to the erhu, usually with two strings and played with a bow; it is part of the huqin family of instruments originating in Chinese traditional music.


zhongruan     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A plucked long-necked lute-like string instrument (chordophone) of Chinese origin, a medium-sized tenor ruan.


zhu     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
An ancient string instrument (chordophone), originating in ancient China; its nature is not known but was probably a zither-like rectangular body featuring silk or gut strings played with a bow.


zhuihu   [101]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A two-stringed chordophone (string instrument) with a fretless fingerboard, played with a bow, of Chinese origin and especially associated with Henan and Shandong.


zither     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A musical instrument consisting of a flat sounding box with numerous strings placed on a horizontal surface, played with a plectrum or fingertips.


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