Appendix:Glossary of membranophones

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This is a glossary of membranophones, the class of musical instruments that includes drums and other percussion instruments.

Because almost all instruments called "drums" are membranophones, the few exceptions are also noted in this glossary.

See also the glossary of musical instrument classification (organology).

Membranophones[edit]

aburukuwa     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An open, bottle-shaped drum used among the Akan and Asante of Ghana.


ashiko   [1]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A conical drum with one open end and a head on the wide end, originating in Yoruba music.


bass drum     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A large drum with a low pitch.


bata     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
Ethnic ceremonial double-headed drums played in triplet in the religion of Santería, especially in Cuba and Puerto Rico, originally from the Yoruba of Nigeria.


bedug     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of drum suspended from a rack and played with a padded mallet, used in gamelan orchestras and Indonesian traditional music.


bodhran     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of frame drum used in Celtic music which was traditionally played by being struck with with an animal bone, or in modern times, a piece of wood.


bongo     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
One of a pair of small drums of Cuban origin, played by beating with the hands.


bougarabou     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of goblet drum, originally characteristic of the Jola people but now more widespread in West Africa.


chenda     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A cylindrical wooden drum of Indian origin.


cocktail drum     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of drum kit that combines a bass drum and a snare drum.


conga     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A tall, narrow, single-headed Cuban hand drum of African origin.


crowdy-crawn     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A type of sheepskin-covered hoop (a crowd) used as a frame drum, originating in the traditional music of Cornwall, England.


damaru     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A small two-headed drum used throughout South Asia.


damphu     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A double-sided disk-shaped drum of Nepalese origin.


darbuka     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A goblet drum of Middle-Eastern origin.


davul     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A very large double-headed drum struck with a mallet.


dayereh     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A frame drum that also has jingles attached, of Central and Southwest Asian origin.


dhak     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A very large drum of South Asian origin.


dhimay     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A double-headed cylindrical drum of South Asian origin.


dholki     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A small hand drum of South Asian origin.


dhol     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
Any of several double-headed drums of South Asian origin.


dholak     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A two-headed hand drum of South Asian origin.


djembe     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A large, skin-covered drum played with the hands, used in West African and some fusion music.  


drum     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A percussive musical instrument spanned with a thin covering on at least one end for striking, forming an acoustic chamber, affecting what materials are used to make it.


dun dun     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A cylindrical drum with skin-covered heads on both ends, used among the Mandinka people of West Africa, and always as part of ensembles that include djembes.


eunuch flute     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A simple musical instrument consisting of a wooden tube with a hole in it, used like a modern kazoo.


idakka     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
An hourglass-shaped drum originating in Kerala in India; it is struck with a stick, and its pitch can be altered by means of the lacing between the two heads.


ilimba     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A Zimbabwean drum made from a gourd.


karyenda     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A drum of Burundian origin, revered as a national symbol of spiritual importance.


kazoo     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A simple musical instrument consisting of a pipe with a hole in it, producing a buzzing sound when the player hums into it.


kendhang     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A two-headed drum used throughout Maritime Southeast Asia.


kettledrum     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A large hemispherical brass percussion instrument (one of the timpani) with a drumhead that can be tuned by adjusting its tension.


kpanlogo     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A drum of originating in the traditional music of the Ga people of Ghana; they come in varying sizes and are usually played in ensembles of six or more.


lamberg     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A large drum of Irish origin, mainly Northern Ireland, struck with a cane and mainly used in parades.


madal     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A double-headed hand drum of Nepalese origin.


mridangam     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A drum of Indian origin, mainly used in Carnatic music.


repinique     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A double-headed drum of Brazilian origin, traditionally used in samba music.


riq     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A frame drum with jingles, used in traditional Arab music.


snare drum     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A tubular drum with skins stretched over the top and bottom, and having a set of chains that can be applied to the bottom skin to create a rattling sound.


surdo     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A large bass drum of Brazilian origin.


tabla     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A small hand drum usually played in pairs, performed widely in South Asia.


tabor     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A snare drum that can be played with one hand, often used as a tool for military marching.


taiko     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A type of traditional drum of Japanese origin.


talking drum     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - drum Read more on Wikipedia.
An hourglass-shaped drum of West African origin, designed to be capable of mimicking the sound and cadence of human speech; its pitch can be altered by means of the lacing between the two heads.


tamboriles     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A kind of small drum used in the Candombe tradition of Uruguay.


tamborim     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A frame drum of Brazilian origin.


tambourine     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A frame drum with jingles attached, used in many forms of Western music.


tar   [2]  Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A single-headed round frame drum originating in North Africa and the Middle East.


tenor drum     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A low-pitched drum used in Western orchestral music and for marching, such as in the military and in parades.


thavil     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A barrel-shaped drum originating in Tamil Nadu in India.


timbales     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A pair of tunable single-headed, metal-shelled cylindrical drums.


tom-tom drum     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A cylindrical drum without snares used as part of the modern drum kit.


tombak     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A goblet drum of Persian origin.


References[edit]