Appendix:Glossary of aerophones

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This is a glossary of aerophones.

See also the glossary of musical instrument classification (organology).

accordion     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A small, portable, keyed wind instrument, whose tones are generated by play of the wind from a squeezed bellows upon free metallic reeds.


alboka     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A single reed instrument of Basque origin.


alphorn     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A long, curved, wooden horn used by mountain-dwelling herders in the Alps, originally to call cattle but now only as musical instrument in classical and folk tunes.


alto horn     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of brass instrument, pitched in E♭.


arghul     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An ancient single-reed instrument of Egyptian origin.


bagpipe     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A musical wind instrument having a flexible bag inflated by a tube or bellows, a double-reed melody pipe and up to four drone pipes.


balaban     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A double-reed instrument of Azerbaijani origin.


bandoneon     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A small Latin American accordion played with buttons.


baritone horn     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A brass instrument in the baritone range that is similar to a euphonium.


baritone     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
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bassoon     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A musical instrument in the woodwind family, having a double reed and playing in the tenor and bass ranges.


bawu     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A free reed instrument of Chinese origin.


bazooka     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A primitive trombone having wide tubes.


bugle     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A simple brass instrument consisting of a horn with no valves, playing only pitches in its harmonic series.


calliope     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A musical organ, consisting of steam whistles played with a keyboard. Often used with merry-go-rounds.


chalumeau     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A single-reed instrument of European origin, used mainly in the Baroque and Classical eras.


clarinet     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A woodwind musical instrument that has a distinctive liquid tone whose characteristics vary among its three registers: chalumeau (low), clarion (medium), and altissimo (high).


concertina     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A musical instrument, like the various accordions, that is a member of the free-reed family of musical instruments, typically having buttons on both ends.


conch     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A musical instrument made from a large spiral seashell.


cor anglais     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A large double-reed instrument in the oboe family.


cornet     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A brass instrument with a conical bore.


cornett     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A trumpet-like wind instrument used in European music of the Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque periods.


didgeridoo     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A musical instrument endemic to the Top End of Australia, consisting of a long hollowed out log, which, when blown into, produces a low, deep mesmerising drone with sweeping rhythms.


diple     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
Any of several instruments of Balkan origin; namely a type of flute and a type of bagpipe.


diplica     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A single-reed instrument of Balkan origin.


double clarinet     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A single-reed woodwind instruments played in a pair.


duduk     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A woodwind instrument, originating in Armenia


erke     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of large horn originating in Bolivia, Chile and Argentina.


euphonium     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A valved brass instrument, a sax horn, the tenor of the tuba family of instruments, having the appearance very similar to that of a tuba.


flugelhorn     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A brass instrument resembling a cornet but with a wider, conical bore, and usually with three valves, in the same B-flat pitch as many trumpets and cornets but with a more deeply conical mouthpiece than those. A bugle with valves.


flute     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A woodwind instrument consisting of a metal, wood or bamboo tube with a row of circular holes and played by blowing across a hole in the side of one end or through a narrow channel at one end against a sharp edge, while covering none, some or all of the holes with the fingers to vary the note played.


French horn     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A coiled brass musical instrument, derived from the French hunting horn, which has rotary valves.


frula     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A flute-like instrument of Serbian origin.


fue     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
Any of several kinds of Japanese flute.


guan     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A double-reed instrument with a cylindrical bore, of Chinese origin.


harmonica     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A musical instrument, consisting of a series of hemispherical glasses which, by touching the edges with the dampened finger, give forth the tones.


Heckel-clarina     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A single-reed instrument with a conical bore, originating in Germany.


Heckelphone-clarinet     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A single-reed instrument with a conical bore, originating in Germany.


hichiriki     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A double-reed flute of Japanese origin, a type of fue


hulusi     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A free reed instrument of Chinese origin.


Irish flute     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A traditional conical-bore flute of Irish origin.


Jew's harp     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A musical instrument consisting of a flexible metal or bamboo “tongue” attached to a frame. This tongue is placed in the performer’s mouth and plucked with the finger to produce a note of constant pitch. Melodies can be created by changing the shape of the mouth and causing different overtones.


kagurabue     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A transverse flute of Japanese origin, used mainly in kagura performance.


khene     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A mouth organ of Lao origin.


komabue     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A transverse flute of Japanese origin, used mainly in the traditional music of the Japanese royal court, and a type of fue.


launeddas     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A trio of clarinets played as one instrument, originating in Sardinia.


lur     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An archaic kind of long, curved horn.


mellophone     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A brass instrument frequently used in place of the French horn in marching bands and similar performance groups.


melodica     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A free-reed keyboard wind instrument.


mey     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A cylindrical double-reed instrument used in Turkish music.


mijwiz     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A pair of single-reed flutes played as one instrument, of Middle-Eastern origin.


Native American flute     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of end-blown flute, now mainly used in folk revival and New Age music.


oboe     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A soprano and melody wind instrument in the modern orchestra and wind ensemble. It is a smaller instrument and generally made of grendilla wood. It is a member of the double reed family.


oboe d'amore     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A large double-reed instrument in the oboe family.


octavin     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A single-reed instrument with a conical bore, originating in Germany.


olifant     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of horn made from an elephant tusk.


ophicleide     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A keyed brass baritone bugle, now replaced by the tuba in orchestral music.


palendag     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A long bamboo flute of Filipino origin.


pibgorn     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A single-reed instrument of Welsh origin.


piccolo     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An instrument similar to a flute, but smaller, and playing an octave higher.
  • Performer: piccoloist
  • Note: The word piccolo is also used to describe a type of other instruments, designed to play in a higher pitch, such as the piccolo clarinet.


pipe organ     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An aerophone that uses pressurized air controlled through a keyboard to produce sound.


piri     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A double-reed instrument of Korean origin.


pump organ     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An aerophone that uses bellows to produce sound.


quray     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An aerophone of Bashkir origin; a long open endblown flute with five to seven finger holes


recorder     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A musical instrument of the woodwind family, fipple flute, a simple internal duct flute.


ryūteki     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A transverse flute of Japanese origin.


sackbut     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A brass instrument from the Renaissance and Baroque Eras, and an ancestor of the modern trombone.


saxhorn     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
Any of a group of similar brass instruments, resembling a bugle in shape, but with valves.


saxonette     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A soprano clarinet with both a curved barrel and an upturned bell.


saxophone     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A single-reed instrument musical instrument of the woodwind family, usually made of brass and with a distinctive loop bringing the bell upwards.


serpent     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A brass instrument shaped like a snake.


shakuhachi     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A Japanese flute which is tuned to a pentatonic scale is end-blown like a recorder instead of being held transversely like the Western transverse flute, and a type of fue.


shawm     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A mediaeval double reed wind instrument with a conical wooden body.


sheng     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A mouth-blown free reed instrument, with vertical pipes, of Chinese origin.


shō     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A free reed instrument of Japanese origin.


shofar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An archaic horn of Jewish origin, used in religious services.


sipsi     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A single-reed instrument of Turkish origin.


soprano cornet     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of cornet with a higher pitch than standard.


sousaphone     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A valved brass instrument with the same length as a tuba, but shaped differently so that the bell is above the head, that the valves are situated directly in front of the musical instruments and a few inches above the waist, and that most of the weight rests on one shoulder.


squeezebox     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
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sudrophone     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A brass instrument with a cylindrical bore and four valves.


suona     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A double-reed horn of Chinese origin.


taepyeongso     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A double-reed wind instrument used in the traditional music of Korea.


tárogató     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
Two different woodwind instruments used in Hungary and Romania.
  • Note: The earliest references to the tárogató are a shawm-like double-reed instrument. It was later conflated with a more recent single-reed instrument rather more like a clarinet.
  • Synonyms: (töröksíp (Turkish); tárogatós; taragot or ttorogoata (Romanian)


trombone     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A musical instrument in the brass family, having a cylindrical bore, and usually a sliding tube (but sometimes piston valves, and rarely both).


trumpet     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A musical instrument of the brass family, generally tuned to the key of B-flat.


tuba     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A large brass musical instrument, usually in the bass range, played through a vibration of the lips upon the mouthpiece and fingering of the keys.


tumpong     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A kind of bamboo flute of Filipino origin.


Vienna horn     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A brass aerophone used mainly in Austria in the performance of orchestral and classical music.


vladimirskiy rozhok     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An archaic horn of Russian origin, similar to the cornet.


vuvuzela     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A simple plastic horn of South African origin.


washint     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An end-blown flute of Ethiopian origin.


water organ     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of pipe organ that uses water pressure to affect airflow.


xaphoon     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A modern single-reed instrument.


zhaleika     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A traditional single-reed instrument of Russian origin.