trombone

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See also: Trombone and tromboné

English[edit]

A tenor trombone

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Italian trombone, from tromba (trumpet) +‎ -one (augmentative), literally large trumpet. The telecommunications sense alludes to the shape of the musical instrument.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˌtɹɒmˈbəʊn/, /tɹəmˈbəʊn/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˌtɹɑmˈboʊn/, /tɹəmˈboʊn/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

trombone (plural trombones or tromboni)

  1. (music) A musical instrument in the brass family, having a cylindrical bore, and usually a sliding tube (but sometimes piston valves, and rarely both). Most often refers to the tenor trombone, which is the most common type of trombone and has a fundamental tone of B♭ˌ (contra B♭).
    Jim plays the trombone very well.
    This trombone is very expensive.
  2. The common European bittern.
  3. (film, television) A kind of extendable support for attaching lighting elements to a set.
    • 1983, Alan Wurtzel, Television Production (page 131)
      The trombone [] permits an instrument to be positioned over a studio set wall, enabling the set wall to support the weight of the instrument.
    • 2013, Harry Box, Set Lighting Technician's Handbook (page 480)
      The two secondary controls are the trombone handle and the focus knob.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

trombone (third-person singular simple present trombones, present participle tromboning, simple past and past participle tromboned)

  1. (telecommunications) To transmit a signal or data back to a central switching point before sending it out to its destination.
  2. (film, slang, transitive) To extend and retract (the zoom lens); to use it too enthusiastically.
    • 2015, Kathryn Ramey, Experimental Filmmaking: Break the Machine (page 357)
      [] do things wrong (like rotating the lens turret while shooting or backwinding and doing multiple passes on the same strip of film or doing in-camera fades with the variable shutter or tromboning a zoom lens like a teenager on acid, etc., etc., etc.) []
    • 2014, Henry K. Miller, The Essential Raymond Durgnat (page 71)
      He recalls (email to editor, 2 December 2012) that Durgnat 'shouted out' in response to his 'tromboning' the zoom-lens at the film's 1967 London Film Festival screening: []

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

trombone c (plural trombones)

  1. (music) trombone

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Italian trombone

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

trombone m (plural trombones)

  1. (music) trombone
  2. paper clip

Verb[edit]

trombone

  1. first-person singular present indicative of tromboner
  2. third-person singular present indicative of tromboner
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of tromboner
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of tromboner
  5. second-person singular imperative of tromboner

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Posaune.jpg

Etymology[edit]

tromba (trumpet) +‎ -one (augmentative suffix)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /tromˈbo.ne/
  • Rhymes: -one
  • Hyphenation: trom‧bó‧ne

Noun[edit]

trombone m (plural tromboni)

  1. (music) trombone
  2. (by extension) trombonist
    Synonym: trombonista
  3. (figuratively) An annoying and boring person, especially if arrogant, old or moralist
  4. (historical) arquebuse
    Synonym: archibugio
  5. A type of boot.
  6. wild daffodil (Narcissus pseudonarcissus)
  7. Synonym of tarabuso

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: trombone
  • Russian: тромбо́н (trombón) (see there for further descendants)
  • Spanish: trombón (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  • trombone in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb

Noun[edit]

trombone m (definite singular trombonen, indefinite plural tromboner, definite plural trombonene)

  1. (music) a trombone
    Synonym: trekkbasun

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Noun[edit]

trombone m (definite singular trombonen, indefinite plural trombonar, definite plural trombonane)

  1. (music) a trombone
    Synonym: trekkbasun

Portuguese[edit]

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Italian trombone.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

trombone m (plural trombones)

  1. (music) trombone (a musical instrument in the brass family)