Appendix:Glossary of idiophones

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a glossary of idiophones.

See also the glossary of musical instrument classification (organology).

agidigbo     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A lamellophone worn around the neck, originating among the Yoruba of Nigeria, played by striking the box frame of the instrument with a ring worn around a thumb.


agung     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A pair of large gongs, suspended from the ceiling, of Filipino origin.


agung a tamlang     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A slit drum of Filipino origin, used as training for people before they play on an agung.


altar bell     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A set of bells used in Christian worship, especially Catholics, Lutherans, Methodists and Anglicans.


array mbira     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of plucked lamellophone, a Western adaptation of the African mbira.


babendil     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A narrow-rimmed gong of Filipino origin, used singly to provide a rhythm in a kulintang ensemble.


balafon     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A wooden-keyed percussion idiophone of West Africa that is struck with two padded sticks.


banghyang     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A metallophone of Korean origin.


bell     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A percussive instrument made of metal or other hard material, typically in the shape of an inverted cup with a flared rim, which resonates when struck.


bell tree     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A vertical arrangement of nested metal bowls played by sliding a striker along the outer edges.


bianqing     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A set of qing, or flat stone chimes, usually L-shaped, strung in a wooden frame and struck with a mallet, of ancient Chinese origin.


bianzhong     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A set of bronze bells played to provide melody, of ancient Chinese origin.


bonang     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A set of small gongs placed on a rack and usually struck with a padded stick, a type of gong chime, used in the gamelan music of Java.


bonshō     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A very large bell used in Buddhist temples in Japan to mark time and call monks in for prayer.


cajón     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A hexagonal, box-like percussion instrument of Peruvian origin.


carillon     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A set of bells, often in a bell tower, sometimes operated by means of a keyboard (manual or pedal), originating from the Low Countries.


castanets     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A pair of concave shells attached with a string so they can be struck together, originating around the Mediterranean.


celesta     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
An metallophone played by striking and controlled by a keyboard.


chekeré     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of shekere, or a gourd with a net interwoven with beads strerched over it, used as a rattle, and originating in Cuba.
  • Synonym: chequere, guiro, aggué
  • Note: In English, the word guiro most often refers to a type of rattle. In the context of Cuban music, however, it can be ambiguous.


chime     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
_


chime bar     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A set of tuned metal bars, each mounted on a wooden resonator.


ching     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A type of finger cymbal used in Thai and Cambodian music.


church bell     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A bell (often more than one) belonging to a church, usually housed in a tower or steeple, customarily rung before church services or for other occasions such as weddings.


clapper     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A percussion instrument consisting of two long solid pieces that are struck together.
  • The term clapper can also refer to the very similar instrument otherwise known as a whip or a slapstick.


clash cymbals     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A pair of cymbals that are struck together to produce music.


claves     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
a percussion instrument consisting of two sticks, one of which is used to strike the other.


cowbell     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A musical instrument, typically found without a clapper.


crash cymbals     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of cymbal that produces a loud crashing sound.
  • Note: crash cymbal can also be used as a synonym for clash cymbals.


crotales     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A percussion instrument of archaic origin, resembling a metal castanet or cymbal.


cymbals     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A concave plate of brass or bronze that produces a sharp, ringing sound when struck: played either in pairs, by striking them together, or singly by striking with a drumstick or the like.


dayereh     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A frame drum decorated with musical jingles, of Central and Southwest Asian origin.


devil chase     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An idiophone made from a split stalk of bamboo struck against a performer's hand, originating in South Asia.


dhantal     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A percussion instrument consisting of a steel rod that is struck by a beater, of Caribbean origin.


fangxian     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A metallophone originating in ancient China.


flexatone     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A sheet of flexible metal suspended in a wire frame and with a handle attached, used mainly to produce a glissando effect.


frottoir     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A piece of metal with a series of ridges or corrugations on the surface, essentially a washboard without the frame, and characteristic of zydeco music.


gandingan     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
An array of four hanging gongs, of Filipino origin.


gandingan a kayo     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A wooden percussion idiophone of Filipino origin.


gangsa     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A metallophone of Indonesian origin, used in gamelan music.


gendèr     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A metallophone of Indonesian origin, used in gamelan music.


ghanta     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of bell, usually constructed of brass, used in Hindu rituals.


glass harmonica     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A series of glass bowls whose size vary so as to produce specified tones when manipulated with friction.


glass harp     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A series of wine glasses tuned to produce sounds when their rims are rubbed.


glass marimba     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A marimba with glass keys.


glasschord     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A crystallophone similar to a celesta that uses glass bars in place of metal ones.


glockenspiel     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A metallophone with tuned keys arranged like a keyboard.


gong chime     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A set of bossed bell-like musical instruments held in a rectangular or circular frame, used in large ensembles throughout southeast Asia.


gragger     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of ratchet used mainly in Purim celebrations in Jewish tradition; it consists of a board and a gearwheel attached to a handle, and is played by swinging the mechanism to make the gearwheel scrape against the board, producing a percussive sound.


guiro     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A musical instrument, a shaker, made of a hollow gourd with parallel notches cut in one side, and played by rubbing a stick or scraper ("pua") along the notches to produce a ratchet-like sound.


hang     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A pair of half-shells made of steel in a flying saucer-like shape, producing sound like a steelpan with a Helmholtz resonator.


hi-hat     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A pair of cymbals as part of a drum kit that clash together when actuated by the foot pedal.


hokyo     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A metallophone of Japanese origin.


hosho     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A pair of maranka gourds filled with pebbles and used as rattles, originating in Zimbabwe.


huiringua     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A slit drum made from a hollow log, of Mexican origin, struck with a pair of wood mallets.


jawbone     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
The jaw bone of an animal played as a musical instrument, used throughout Latin America.


Jew's harp     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A musical instrument consisting of a flexible metal or bamboo “tongue” attached to a frame. This tongue is placed in the performer’s mouth and plucked with the finger to produce a note of constant pitch. Melodies can be created by changing the shape of the mouth and causing different overtones.


jingle bell     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An enclosed spherical metal ball containing an unattached clapper with only a small slit opening, for higher pitched ringing.


kagul     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A slit drum that has one raspy side so it can also be used as a scraper, of Filipino origin.


kane     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A disc-shaped bell of Japanese origin.


kisanji     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A small plucked lamellophone, originating among the Ngala people of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.


kolenang     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of bonang (a gong chime) with gongs laid out in a V or U-shape, used in the gamelan degung music of Sunda.


kouxian     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of Jew's harp, of Chinese origin, usually made of bamboo or sometimes brass, and often consisting of more than one lamellae.


kubing     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of Jew's harp, of Filipino origin, most often made of bamboo.


kulintang a kayo     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A percussion idiophone originating among the Maguindanaon people of the Philippines.


kulintang a tiniok     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A metallophone, consisting of eight metal plates strung atop a rock, of Filipino origin.


lithophone     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An instrument in which rocks are struck to produce sound.


luntang     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A percussion idiophone originating among the Maguindanaon people of the Philippines.


maraca     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
Hollow pods typically made of gourds or coconut shells and filled with seeds, used as a rattle, normally in pairs, common throughout Latin America.


marimba     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A percussion idiophone similar to a xylophone but clearer in pitch.


marimbaphone     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A percussion idiophone from early 20th century United States, with the capaciity to turn vertical so the bars can be played with a bow.
  • Note: The term marimbaphone is also used in scores to refer to the marimba.


marimbula     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of thumb piano, a plucked lamellophone, originating in the Caribbean islands.


mark tree     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
An array of small chimes hanging from a bar, played with a finger or stick.


mbira     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
Any of several musical instruments, similar to a marimba, having a small sound box fitted with a row of tuned tabs that are plucked with the thumbs.


metallophone     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A musical instrument in which metal bars are struck to produce sound.


morsing     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of Jew's harp, a metal ring with two parallel forks and a tongue in the middle, used mainly in India and Pakistan.


music box     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A mechanical instrument that creates sound with a set of pins placed on a revolving cylinder or disc so as to pluck the tuned lamellae (teeth) of a steel comb.


nail violin     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A wooden soundboard with metal nails attached, tuned to produce notes when played with a bow.


oopoochawa     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of plucked lamellophone originating in South America.


paiban     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of clapper used in traditional Chinese music.
  • Synonyms: guban, bǎn, tánbǎn, mùbǎn, shūbǎn
  • Note: The word guban most precisely describes a form of music performed by a paiban and drum, but it is often used informally to refer to the paiban.


rainstick     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A hollow tube lined on the inside by nubs and filled with seeds, used as a percussion instrument like a cylindrical rattle; it makes a characteristically rain-like sound.


ranak ek lek     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A small metallophone used in the classical music of Thailand.


ranak thum lek     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A large metallophone used in the classical music of Thailand.


ratchet     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A board and a gearwheel attached to a handle, played by swinging the mechanism, making the gearwheel scrape against the board to produce a percussive sound.


reco-reco     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A scraped percussion instrument originating in Brazil; it was traditionally a wood or bamboo cylindrical body with notches, played like a guiro, but more modern instruments are metal boxes with springs for notches, and played with a metal stick.


reyong     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of gong chime, a set of gongs laid out on a rack and sometimes played by up to four people simultaneously, used in the gamelan music of Bali.


ride cymbal     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A pair of cymbals used as part of a standard modern drum kit to maintain a steady rhythm, called the ride rhythm.


ring of bells     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A set of large bells of English origin, played by means of a wheel that moves each bell in a nearly 360-degree arc.


riq     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
Jingles attached to a frame drum, used in traditional Arab music.


roneat dek     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A metallophone of ancient Cambodian origin, used in pinpeat ensembles.


roneat ek     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A boat-shaped percussion idiophone (xylophone), originating in Khmer classical music.


saron     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A percussion idiophone with bronze bars, of Indonesian origin, used in gamelan music.


saw     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An ordinary saw used as a musical instrument, a friction idiophone that creates a distinctive ethereal tone.


sekere     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A musical instrument consisting of a gourd surrounded by a net of beads, originating in Nigeria.


shac-shac     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
_


singing bowl     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A type of standing bell consisting of a bowl-shaped object that rests on a surface, producing sound by rubbing the rim of the opening.


skrabalai     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A set of tuned wooden bells of Lithuanian origin, held in trapezoidal racks with several vertical rows, and played by a pair of wooden sticks.


slapstick     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A percussion instrument consisting of two wooden boards attached with a hinge and struck together to produce sound.


sleigh bell     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
_


sounding stone     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A flat stone lithophone, most often L-shaped, of ancient Chinese origin.


splash cymbal     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A pair of small cymbals used to provide a special effect or accent, part of a modern drum kit.


spoons     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A pair of spoons used as a musical instrument by tapping them on parts of the body.


steel tongue drum     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
An idiophone made from a hollowed-out propane tank whose bottom has been removed and some tongue-like projections radiating into the opening; the tone is changed by altering the tongues' size or adding a weight to them, and the instrument is played by striking with the fingers or a mallet.


steelpan     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A percussion instrument made from a steel drum, originally from Trinidad.


suzu     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A round bell filled with pellets to make sound when it is rung, used in the music of Shinto shrines in Japan.


tambourine     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
Jingles attached to a frame drum, used in many forms of Western music.


temir komuz     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of iron Jew's harp, originating among the Kyrgyz people.


teponaztli     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A large slit drum made from hollow logs, originating among the Aztecs of Mexico.


tom     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A type of lamellophone, originating among the Nuer and Anuak of Ethiopia.


triangle     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A percussion instrument consisting of a metal triangle that is struck to produce a sound.


tubular bells     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
a percussion instrument consisting of a set of tuned metal tubes that are struck with a mallet.


ugal     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A bronze metallophone used in the classical gamelan music of Indonesia.


vest frottoir     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A kind of frottoir adapted for wearing like a vest.


vibraphone     Cite this term. - Discuss this term. - Read more on Wikipedia.
A kind of modern percussion idiophone.


vibraslap     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A U-shaped piece of wire that connects a wood box to a ball filled with metal teeth, which acts as a resonator when the ball is struck against a surface (often the performer's hand).


washboard     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A rectangular board with a series of corrugations, originally intended for washing clothes but now mainly in use in the Western world as a musical instrument.


whip     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
_
  • Synonyn of: slapstick
  • Note: The whip (A lash; a pliant, flexible instrument used to create a sharp "crack" sound) is also used as a musical instrument in whipcracking, but that is an aerophone.


wind chime     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A set of suspended chimes meant to be played by the wind, usually placed outside of a home for ornamentation.


wood block     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A piece of wood carved into a slit drum and used as a simple percussion instrument.


xylophone     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A percussion idiophone consisting of wooden bars struck with mallets.
  • Note: The word xylophone is sometimes used as a general category for all percussion idiophones of this type, such as the marimba and balafon. In other contexts, such as orchestral music, these words refer to very distinct instruments.
  • Performer: xylophonist


xylorimba     Cite this term. - Discuss this term.
A xylophone with an extended range.